Soil Scientist Job Description

Soil Scientist Job Description, Skills, and Salary

Are you searching for a soil scientist job description? Get to know about the duties, responsibilities, qualifications, and skills requirements of a soil scientist. Feel free to use our soil scientist job description template to produce your own soil scientist job description. We also provide you with information about the salary you can earn as a soil scientist.


Who is a Soil Scientist?

A person who is qualified to evaluate and interpret soils and data related to soils is known as a soil scientist. Their job is to understand the role that soil resources play in agricultural production, environmental quality, and how they are managed to protect both human health and the environment. For the soil scientist to have a quantifiable level of understanding of the soil environment, including soil morphology and soil forming factors, soil chemistry, soil physics, and soil biology, as well as the dynamic interaction of these areas, a university degree should be in soil science or a closely related field (e.g., natural resources, environmental science, earth science, etc.).

A soil scientist has received training to recognize and evaluate the various attributes of soil as a natural resource. They frequently help farmers, producers, and other people in the agricultural sector enhance soil so that more food may be produced. Other soil scientists may work in environmental science, land management, or construction, and their responsibilities include evaluating the soil’s health, identifying whether a proposed building site poses any risks, or informing governmental organizations of changes in conditions.

A soil scientist examines soil samples to learn more about the soil’s physical makeup, chemical make-up, microorganism concentration, and potential for use in a variety of industrial, building, and agricultural processes.

Soil scientists’ daily tasks include testing different soil samples, documenting the outcomes of their investigations, creating soil feasibility studies, modeling data using specialist computer programs, and presenting their study findings. Additionally, they are in charge of basic laboratory administration, which includes keeping their workspace tidy, keeping an eye on inventory levels, and making sure that dangerous chemicals are stored in secure locations.


Soil Scientist Job Description

What is a soil scientist job description? A soil scientist job description is simply a list of duties and responsibilities of a soil scientist in an organization. Below are the soil scientist job description examples you can use to develop your resume or write a soil scientist job description for your employee. Employers can also use it to sieve out job seekers when choosing candidates for interviews.

The duties and responsibilities of a soil scientist include the following;

  • Execute tests to ascertain the effects of various factors, such as adjusting pH levels or adding organic matter, on soil quality.
  • Analyze soil to ascertain its qualities such as mineral content, pH levels, chemical composition, and others.
  • Create management strategies for farms or ranches, including suggestions for the livestock or crops that are most compatible with the environment.
  • Recognize typical soil kinds and categorize them according to their physical traits, such as texture and structure.
  • Analyze soil test results to ascertain the nutrients that crops will need.
  • Compose summaries of research findings and test data to be shared with clients or other scientists.
  • Carry out studies on subjects such as soil erosion, fertility, tillage techniques, and land management approaches.
  • Prepare grant applications for government funding for soil research.
  • Ascertain microbial reactions and the chemical-mineralogical link to plant growth, one does a chemical analysis of the microorganism composition of the soil.
  • Examine how different soil types react to different soil management techniques, including fertilization, crop rotation, and industrial waste management.
  • Carry out research to identify the optimal soil types for various plant species on farms or at experimental facilities.
  • Study soil properties and categorize soils into predetermined kinds.
  • Guide the usage of rural or urban land.
  • Evaluate and analyze a soil sample.
  • data analysis and interpretation
  • Observe or direct laboratory research.
  • Create reports, maps, and publications by modeling information using specialized computer applications.
  • Write research reports, including non-scientific client reports as well as scientific research publications, and present findings.
  • Conduct field research, gather and analyze data, and create reports on the health and conditions of the soil.
  • Advise on how to prevent soil pollution as well as general wildlife conservation.
  • Consult major organizations and the government when trying to preserve the productivity and health of the soil.
  • Look for strategies to preserve the ecosystem, lessen pollution, and maintain healthy soil.
  • Learn about the biological and chemical composition of the soil.



  • A degree in soil science or a related scientific discipline
  • The capacity to organize, conduct and perform experimental practical work
  • Logical reasoning
  • Proficiency in data analysis and acquisition
  • Talents with time management
  • The ability to operate independently and with others
  • IT expertise
  • Understanding of workplace health and safety
  • Abilities in writing and oral communication
  • The capacity to recognize and address issues
  • Writing and presenting effectively


Essential Skill

  • Organization: The ability to keep track of multiple resources and pieces of information is organized. Soil scientists must be organized because they frequently work with big amounts of data. This makes it so they can locate what they require when they require it. Additionally, it enables people to stay on task with their work and finish projects on time.
  • Classification of Soils: To determine the sort of soil they are working with, soil experts classify it. They can utilize this information to assess the nutrients that are present in the soil and how to utilize them for farming. Because different types of soil have varied features that affect how a model behaves, soil scientists also employ this skill while developing models.
  • Physics of Soil: The science of soil physics examines the interactions between various soil characteristics. Knowing how diverse soil types respond to varied circumstances, such as varying moisture content or temperature, is a necessary part of this. You can better understand why some soils are more fertile than others by having a solid understanding of soil physics. You can also better predict what future factors will do to the quality of the soil.
  • Critical Analysis: The capacity for rational decision-making requires the ability to critically assess a situation. When examining soil samples, figuring out what nutrients plants require for optimum growth, and offering advice on how farmers can enhance their soil quality, soil scientists apply critical thinking abilities. Additionally, this ability aids soil scientists in the development of potentially improved fertilization or soil treatment techniques.
  • Soil Evolution: The process through which soil forms is known as soil genesis. Scientists that specialize in soils research how soil forms and the factors that influence it. They can use this knowledge to, for instance, comprehend why some soils are more fertile than others. They can also forecast how soil will alter over time as a result of anthropogenic or natural processes.
  • Analysis Capabilities: Analytical skills are used by soil scientists to analyze data and draw conclusions about the quality of the soil. These abilities are also put to use when they write reports for customers or employers because they must give the facts clearly and simply. They must be able to recognize patterns in data and have an attention to detail for this.
  • GIS: Soil scientists employ GIS, or geographic information systems, as a tool for data analysis and interpretation. The ability to do so enables them to make maps that display the locations of various soil types as well as other geographical features like rivers, lakes, and mountains. They can use this information to manage land for agriculture and discover the optimum places for particular plants to grow.
  • Communication: The ability to convey information in a manner that is understandable to others is referred to as communication. Because they frequently collaborate with individuals from many fields and backgrounds, soil scientists must be able to convey complex ideas in terms that anyone can understand. Additionally, having effective communication skills makes it easier for soil scientists to work on initiatives and ideas with other experts.
  • Soil chemistry: Understanding the elements of soil and how they affect plant growth is known as soil chemistry. This ability is used by soil scientists to examine soil samples, ascertain nutrient levels, and suggest soil amendments. Understanding the chemical processes in soil that might impact plant health is another component of this skill. For instance, if a soil scientist detects that plants aren’t developing as they should, they may analyze the soil to find any toxins or chemical imbalances that might be hampering the plant’s development.
  • Biology of Soils: The study of living things in the soil is known as soil biology. This comprises the fungi, bacteria, and other microorganisms required for good soil. To keep the conditions of the soil healthy, soil scientists must comprehend how these creatures work. In addition, they apply their understanding of soil biology while conducting studies or data analysis.
  • Observation: For soil scientists, observational skills are crucial because they utilize them to evaluate the physical characteristics of the soil. They keep track of their observations as they see how soil responds to various situations, such as when it’s dry or rainy. This enables them to ascertain which plant species thrive in particular soils and how to employ soil to increase crop yield.
  • Hydrology: The study of water and its interaction with soil is known as hydrology. When analyzing data about soil moisture, groundwater levels, and other variables that affect soil quality, soil scientists apply hydrology skills. They can use this information to predict how soil will react to various sorts of management or treatment techniques. They can also forecast future soil changes depending on the circumstances at present.
  • Pedology: The study of soil, including its makeup and alterations over time, is known as pedology. To evaluate data from soil samples and ascertain what kinds of nutrients are present in the soil and how those nutrients affect plant growth, pedologists use their expertise in pedology. Additionally, pedology aids in the understanding of how human activities, such as mining or farming, can impact soil.
  • Soil chemistry: Understanding the elements of soil and how they affect plant growth is known as soil mineralogy. This ability is used by soil scientists to examine soil samples, ascertain nutrient levels, and suggest soil amendments. Understanding minerals’ effects on soil structure and texture, which affect water retention and drainage, is another aspect of the study of minerals.
  • Attention to Details: One ability that soil scientists use in their work is attention to detail. When collecting data, examining samples, and running tests, they must be exact. As a result, they can evaluate their research’s findings with accuracy and come to wise conclusions about how to enhance soil quality. When using machinery or other equipment, soil scientists must pay attention to the little things to ensure their safety.
  • Soil fertility: The nutrients in the soil that plants need to grow are referred to as soil fertility. To keep the soil in a specific area productive, soil scientists utilize their understanding of soil chemistry and biology to decide whether fertilizers or compost should be added. They also keep an eye on how different plant species and fertilizer kinds affect soil quality and plant growth.


How to Become a Soil Scientist

  • Obtain your high school diploma: Typically, applicants for undergraduate admission to colleges or universities must possess a high school diploma or an equivalent, like the GED. Work hard in high school to earn good grades that can qualify you for admission to many undergraduate programs. Additionally, some schools might have minimal GPA standards. Enroll in soil-related science classes at your high schools, such as geology or environmental science, to gain a foundational knowledge of scientific ideas. You can pursue a bachelor’s degree in soil science by obtaining several maths and science foundational skills after earning your diploma.
  • Taking entrance tests for colleges: Most undergraduate institutions require you to take a college entrance exam in addition to receiving your diploma. Your understanding of several academic disciplines, such as math, science, and reading comprehension, is evaluated on these assessments. The SAT and ACT are the two most popular college entrance exams. Both exams are typically accepted by colleges and universities to fulfill their standardized testing requirements. Before taking the test, find out if any institutions have minimum test score criteria so you can set realistic goals. Some high schools provide a course that prepares students for college exams, complete with sample questions and practice exams.
  • Look into undergraduate programs: Start looking into undergraduate schools while you’re still in high school. Look for courses at prestigious agricultural schools or universities, which are more likely to offer this field, if you wish to graduate with a degree specifically in soil science. Other universities might provide a comparable degree, like environmental science with pertinent soil science coursework. You can become ready for a career as a soil scientist with either choice. When looking at undergraduate programs, prioritize factors like extracurricular activities and financial aid available for yourself and look for schools that fit your interests and professional objectives.
  • Apply to colleges: Apply to the colleges you want to attend after researching undergraduate programs. To improve your chances of being accepted, it’s a good idea to apply to many programs. Be sure to provide all required paperwork, including a high school transcript and your college entrance exam results, by carefully reading the school’s eligibility requirements before you apply. Many universities also need additional paperwork from undergraduate applicants, such as an essay describing their career aspirations. Describe your enthusiasm for working in the field of soil science and how you hope to contribute to it in this essay.
  • Declare a major in soil science:It’s crucial to declare soil science or a closely related major once your undergraduate program has started so you can finish the necessary curriculum. To start fulfilling the academic requirements for obtaining a degree, many students choose their major during their first or second year of college. To make sure you finish all necessary classes on time to graduate, organize your curriculum with the help of your faculty adviser or a dependable professor before declaring your major. There are normally two majors available if you attend a school with a soil service program:
    • Students interested in professions in the agricultural sector, such as counseling farmers on their crops or serving as consultants for agricultural firms, can consider a degree in soil science.
    • Environmental soil science: Students who pursue a degree with this emphasis can develop skills that are useful for jobs involving the environment, such as analyzing water quality or cleaning up contaminated soil to keep it healthy.
  • Finish the course: Once you’ve decided on a major, stick to the suggested course schedule to make sure you finish all the prerequisites for graduation. Your school might require you to enroll in a variety of general education courses, such as liberal arts and social sciences, that are unrelated to your major. To graduate, you must maintain passing grades because some universities have minimal GPA requirements.
  • Engage in extracurricular activities: Participating in extracurricular science or agriculture-related activities can frequently help you develop additional vocational skills, like communication and teamwork, even though it is not required for graduation. You can meet other students and pick up new skills in a context other than the classroom by researching other soil science-related activities your college provides, such as a biology or agroecology club. You can highlight these pursuits on your resume once you graduate and start looking for work to stand out from other entry-level candidates and demonstrate to potential employers your enthusiasm for soil science.
  • Think about getting your master’s: You can choose to find employment or pursue further education after receiving your soil science bachelor’s degree. A master’s degree in soil science can help you qualify for higher-level professions like management roles with agricultural companies or research scientist positions at universities, even if a bachelor’s degree in soil science still qualifies you for many occupations. You often conduct laboratory research and produce a thesis while earning a master’s degree. A master’s degree in soil science typically takes two years to complete.


Where to Work as a Soil Scientist

Although they may spend a significant amount of time conducting field research outside, soil scientists typically operate in offices or laboratories. They typically work regular hours, however, they might need to put in extra time to meet deadlines or go to conferences or workshops. Some soil scientists may go abroad to carry out research or offer consultation services.


Soil Scientist Salary Scale

In the USA, the average compensation for a soil scientist is $80,832 per year or $41.45 per hour. Most experienced workers earn up to $126,051 per year, while entry-level occupations start at $67,241 annually.

In Canada, an average soil scientist’s pay is $49,374 a year, or $25.32 per hour. Most experienced workers earn up to $78,342 per year, while entry-level roles start at $37,050.

In Australia, a soil scientist makes an average pay of $103,004 per year or $52.82 per hour. Most experienced workers earn up to $133,102 per year, while entry-level occupations start at $82,552 annually.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

Leave a Reply