Horticulturist Job Description

Horticulturist Job Description, Skills, and Salary

Get to know about the duties, responsibilities, qualifications, and skills requirements of a horticulturist. You can use our job description template in this article to produce your own. We also provide you with information about the salary you can earn as a horticulturist.


Who is a Horticulturist?

A horticulturist is an agriculture specialist who utilizes knowledge of botany and agriculture to assist farmers and agriculturalists produce plants. Horticulturists most commonly work with farmers, helping them improve their cultivation skills, including improving the quantity of vegetation they collect or helping their plants have a stronger resilience to disease or pollution. A horticulturist is a plant and soil professional whose tasks are to evaluate plants, crops, and gardens, detect any difficulties related to watering, fertilizing, soil, or pest management, and coordinate efforts to remedy the issues and enhance the aesthetic or productive character of the landscape. As a horticulturist, your additional tasks may include managing the development of new farms, landscape design, or the protection of the natural environment. You often oversee other garden or farm employees and work closely with soil scientists, landscape architects, groundskeepers, and other plant professionals.

Horticultural professionals that participate in plant research generally specialize in certain areas of the subject. Some specialists do field research to understand more about plant evolution and growth under natural circumstances, while others produce plants and crops in carefully controlled environments. Plant genetics performs comprehensive studies on heredity and artificial selection to develop new generations of plants with desired features. Researchers utilize advanced laboratory equipment and methodologies to examine plants in depth.


Horticulturist Job Description

Below are the horticulturist job description examples you can use to develop your resume or write a job description for your employee. Employers can also use it to sieve out job seekers when choosing candidates for interviews.

The duties and responsibilities of a horticulturist include the following;

  • Research to generate novel plant types that are resistant to disease or drought, for example.
  • Plant, grow, and harvest crops to achieve optimal yield.
  • Conduct studies on soil composition, irrigation systems, pest control tactics, and other elements that impact plant development.
  • Monitor insect populations to identify whether pesticides or other treatments are needed.
  • Conduct environmental impact studies to see if planned building projects will have any influence on the local environment or animal habitats.
  • Evaluate plants for symptoms of stress, illness, or other concerns.
  • Consult with consumers regarding the selection of plants fit for their requirements.
  • Plant and maintain plants at nurseries where new plants are developed before being sold to the public.
  • Recommend new planting designs or layouts depending on customer demands, available space, sunshine requirements, and other concerns.
  • Maintain high standards of presentation in public parks and gardens.
  • Apply fertilizers to plants and maintain moisture levels.
  • Check the health of plants by finding any pests or illnesses and managing them.
  • Clean and maintain tools and equipment.
  • Dig, plant, and tend flower beds and borders.
  • Raise plants from seeds or cuttings.
  • Use equipment such as lawnmowers, rotavators, and hedge trimmers.
  • Recommend, purchase, and grow a large variety of plants.
  • Collaborate with members of the landscaping team, including the design and construction teams.
  • Conduct site inspections.
  • Test soil alkalinity.
  • Transplant trees, shrubs, and other plants.
  • Test and apply fertilizers.
  • Identify and reduce possible pest and disease hazards.
  • Schedule and manage maintenance chores, for example, weeding, mulching, and trimming.
  • Advise colleagues and clients on techniques of plant care and landscape maintenance.



  • A bachelor’s degree in botany, plant science, or a related discipline.
  • Excellent planning skills.
  • The capacity to coordinate and manage your task.
  • Problem-solving abilities.
  • Communication and interpersonal abilities.
  • Project management skills.
  • Ability to work as a team and utilize your initiative.
  • Management abilities and business awareness.
  • Financial awareness.
  • A hands-on, practical, and pragmatic attitude to work.
  • Administration and IT skills.
  • Flexibility and a desire to work in a busy and diverse environment.
  • Knowledge of health and safety standards and procedures.
  • Physical health and the capacity to operate in physically demanding settings.
  • A complete driving license (generally necessary).
  • Understanding of maintaining a greenhouse and nursery.
  • Creative landscape design knowledge.


Essential Skills

  • Attention to Detail: Attention to detail is vital for horticulturists because it helps them to spot minute changes in their plants and comprehend how those changes may influence the plant’s overall health. For example, if a plant isn’t developing as rapidly as others of its sort, a horticulturist with attention to detail might check the soil conditions or other environmental elements that may be impacting the plant’s development rate.
  • Plant Identification: Plant identification is the capacity to recognize plants by their scientific names. This expertise may benefit horticulturists when they’re dealing with various sorts of plants and need to know which ones are suitable or if a plant has any unique demands. Horticulturists may also utilize this expertise while constructing novel plant combinations, since they may need to know what sort of bloom will be produced by each plant.
  • Harvesting: A horticulturist’s employment frequently entails maintaining plants and crops, which demands harvesting abilities. This involves learning how to determine when a plant is ready for harvest, understanding the right procedures for harvesting each kind of crop,p, and ensuring that the collected product is properly stored. Harvesting also entails understanding how to use equipment like pruning shears or knives so you can manage your garden.
  • Irrigation: Irrigation is the process of delivering water to plants. Horticulturists employ irrigation to keep their crops healthy and developing appropriately. They may also need to repair or maintain irrigation systems, so they must understand how irrigation works.

Horticulturists that operate in greenhouses may have an irrigation system incorporated within the greenhouse itself. In this situation, they may be responsible for maintaining the system and ensuring that it continues to work effectively.

  • Landscape Design: Landscape design is the process of designing outdoor places, such as gardens and parks. Horticulturists typically utilize their landscape design abilities to create pleasant outdoor environments for customers or businesses. This entails studying various kinds of plants and flowers, learning about how they grow, and establishing plans for where each plant should be put.
  • Seed germination: A horticulturist’s capacity to germinate seeds is a vital talent. This entails preparing the soil, sowing the seed, and maintaining optimum moisture levels so that the plant can thrive. It also takes knowledge of which sorts of plants are compatible with each other while growing in a garden or greenhouse.

Seed germination is frequently one of the first abilities horticulture learn throughout their training. They may practice by creating their garden at home or helping at a local community garden.

  • Greenhouse Management: Greenhouse management is the capacity to maintain and run a greenhouse. This involves activities like watering plants, monitoring plant development, and ensuring that the temperature in the greenhouse is constant. Greenhouses are typically used by horticulturists for propagation, which means they need to be able to maintain their greenhouse successfully.
  • Observation Skills: Observation skills are vital for horticulturists since they enable them to observe changes in plants and their surroundings. For example, if a plant isn’t growing as planned, you may be able to pinpoint what’s causing it so you can take action. Similarly, examining your surroundings might help you realize when environmental circumstances need to change.
  • Pest & Disease Control: Pest and disease management is an essential ability for horticulturists to have since it helps them to preserve the health of their plants. This may assist guarantee that they grow excellent crops, which can lead to more delighted consumers. Horticulturists may also employ pest and disease management to safeguard their crops from hazardous insects or illnesses that might diminish their output or damage their plants.
  • Soil Analysis: Soil analysis is the process of evaluating soil to identify its nutrient content and other properties. Horticulturists utilize this expertise while establishing a garden or landscaping plan since they need to know what sorts of nutrients their plants will require to flourish. It’s also vital for horticulturists to evaluate soil quality over time so they can make improvements if required.
  • Patience: Patience is a talent that horticulturists utilize to guarantee they reach their aims. This work demands patience since it might take many years for plants to mature and produce fruit or flowers. It’s also crucial to be patient with clients who may not know how to properly care for the plants they buy.
  • Creativity: A horticulturist’s creativity is vital since it helps them to come up with fresh ideas for how they may better their profession. For example, horticulture could apply their imagination while building an outside space so that the area has greater seclusion or appears more visually pleasant. They also employ their imagination while inventing novel plant combinations and growth techniques.
  • Physical Stamina: Working in horticulture needs physical stamina since you may be outside for lengthy periods and completing physically hard jobs. Horticulturists regularly work with their hands to plant, care and harvest plants, therefore having a high degree of physical stamina may help you accomplish your job. You may also employ physical stamina abilities while working on outside jobs like constructing retaining walls or fixing fences.
  • Flexibility: Flexibility is the capacity to adjust to changing conditions. Horticulturists generally work outside and in unexpected conditions, therefore flexibility is a vital quality for them to have. For example, if a storm occurs while they’re working in a garden, they need to be flexible enough to adjust their plans and find methods to continue their job despite the weather.
  • Pruning: Pruning is the practice of removing dead or diseased plant portions to enhance a plant’s health. It also entails pruning down particular branches and stems to foster new growth, which may help plants generate more fruit or flowers. Horticulturists employ pruning abilities while caring for interior plants as well as outside trees and bushes.

Pruning procedures vary based on the kind of plant, however, most horticulturists master fundamental pruning skills throughout their training. You may also attend continuing education classes to master advanced pruning procedures.

  • Fertilization: Fertilization is the process of adding nutrients to the soil to increase its quality. Horticulturists utilize fertilizer to guarantee their plants develop healthily and provide healthy harvests. This ability entails understanding which kinds of fertilizer work best for various types of plants, how frequently to apply it and how much to use.


How to Become a Horticulturist

  • Earn your bachelor’s degree: Horticulturists acquire a bachelor’s degree at least to join the sector. Students with an undergraduate degree often major in horticulture, biology, botany, or another related discipline. During your educational program, the curriculum includes a major concentration on the biological sciences, including ecology, environmental science, botany, and organic chemistry. Some programs also involve courses in horticulture and agricultural science, plant genetics, and soil science. While the majority of the training in a horticulture degree is theoretical, students frequently study subjects in a laboratory to build applied research, experimental and technical skills.
  • Complete an internship: An internship may be part of a bachelor’s program in horticulture, however, students whose educational programs don’t include internships may pursue them voluntarily. Completing an internship allows you to apply your skills and knowledge in a professional setting. Consider seeking internships with commercial plant growers, landscaping companies, and plant nurseries. Nonprofit organizations like plant conservation, environmental protection, and community organizations are also beneficial environments to gain practical experience.
  • Gain work experience: Besides internships, entry-level roles provide valuable opportunities to develop your professional experience. Examine positions that will allow you to expand your knowledge in the area in which you wish to specialize. For instance, if your area of expertise in horticulture is the breeding and development of food crops, search for opportunities on commercial farms. Entry-level employment may also lead to professional promotions and the opportunity to apply your horticulture skills to different applications.
  • Pursue certification: Some jurisdictions may demand particular licensing or certification for horticulturists, so it’s crucial to understand the standards your state expects you to achieve for a license. There are also optional certificates for horticulturists who desire to acquire extra qualifications. The American Society for Horticultural Science (ASHS) provides the Associate Professional Horticulturist (APH) certification for recent graduates and entry-level horticulturists.

The Certified Professional Horticulturist (CPH) credential is also available, which is the highest level of certification the ASHES provides and is accessible to horticulturists who have or are seeking advanced qualifications. The CPH certification permits horticulturists to engage in consulting positions for commercial, industrial, and government projects, and both levels of certification need continuous education to renew.

  • Consider a master’s degree: While it’s not a necessity for employment, earning a graduate degree is useful for expanding your career. If you seek higher certification in horticulture, however, a master’s degree may be a prerequisite to qualify. Typically, graduate students receive their Master of Science in horticulture, where the curriculum focuses on complicated applications of plant and soil science, chemistry, plant pathology, botany, and plant genetics.

Graduate programs in horticulture also address business and commercial issues, including food production and quality, biological research, nursery management, and crop cultivation. Graduate programs frequently require a thesis, which includes research and documentation on a subject pertinent to horticulture science.


Where to Work as a Horticulturist

In greenhouses, nurseries, gardens, and parks, horticulturists are employed. Additionally, they could gather plant specimens in the field or research labs. They could work for government organizations, golf courses, landscape architects, or plant nurseries. Some horticulturists work as consultants and are self-employed. The majority of horticulturists are full-time employees, and some put in over 40 hours a week. To care for plants that need specialized care, they could labor early in the morning, late at night, or on the weekends. Horticulturists can labor in hot, muggy, or chilly environments while carrying heavy objects, bending over, and kneeling.


Horticulturist Salary Scale

The average horticulturist income in the USA is $39,989 per year or $20.51 per hour. Entry-level occupations start at $32,175 per year while most experienced professionals get up to $58,017 per year.

The average horticulturist income in the United Kingdom is £23,176 per year or £11.89 per hour. Entry-level occupations start at £21,527 per year while most experienced professionals earn up to £30,138 per year.

The average horticulturist pay in Canada is $40,950 per year or $21 per hour. Entry-level occupations start at $35,451 per year, while most experienced professionals earn up to $56,564 per year.

The average horticulture income in Australia is $63,290 per year or $32.46 per hour. Entry-level occupations start at $57,557 per year, while most experienced professionals earn up to $74,280 per year.

In Ireland, a horticulturist makes an average salary of €51,341 per year and €25 per hour. Horticulturists may expect to make between €36,144 and €62,276 per year on average. The highest degree that a horticulturist typically has is a bachelor’s.

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