Urologist Job Description

Urologist Job Description, Skills, and Salary

Get to know about the duties, responsibilities, qualifications, and skills requirements of a Urologist. Feel free to use our Urologist job description template to produce your own. We also provide you with information about the salary you can earn as a Urologist.


Who is a Urologist?

Urology is a surgical subspecialty whose name derives from Greek words meaning “the study of urine.” Thus, a urologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and injuries of the female urinary tract and male urogenital system.

To become a urologist in the United States, candidates must complete a five-year urology residency program approved by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Within these five years, one year must be spent concentrating on general surgery, three years on clinical urology, and a minimum of six months must be spent concentrating on either additional general surgery or urology training or training in a related discipline. The individual must serve as the senior or chief resident during the final year, under appropriate supervision. In other parts of the world, the relevant governing body establishes standards, such as the Urological Society of India, the Urological Society of Australasia, and the British Association of Urological Surgeons.


A urologist may treat a variety of conditions, some of which are unique to pediatric patients and others that are specific to adult patients. While numerous problems can affect both children and adults, certain congenital abnormalities are typically detected and treated early. Among the neonatal urological complications are ambiguous genitalia, bladder exstrophy, cloacal exstrophy — which is frequently associated with spina bifida — and neonatal testicular torsion. Enuresis, or bedwetting, is a symptom that can be caused by a variety of factors. However, it is another issue that is typically associated with childhood, though some adults do experience bedwetting.

Adults, but not children, may require treatment from a urologist for conditions such as Cushing’s Syndrome, Conn’s Syndrome, prostate, penile, or testicular cancer, interstitial cystitis, male infertility, erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, vasectomy, and ureteral stones. Symptoms such as hematuria or blood in the urine, kidney issues such as renal failure and cystic diseases of the kidneys, and bladder issues such as neurogenic bladder, bladder fistula, or paruresis may occur across age groups.

The American Urological Association has classified urology into eight subspecialties (AUA). A urologist may specialize in one or more of the following areas: erectile dysfunction (impotence), female urology, male infertility, neuro-urology, pediatric urology, renal transplantation, urinary tract stones, or urologic oncology (tumors).

A urologist may employ a variety of different pieces of equipment and perform a variety of different procedures. Catheters, fluoroscopes, radiograph machines, radium emanation tubes, and cystoscopes are all examples of equipment that urologists may use. Brachytherapy, cryotherapy, lithotripsy, high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), laparoscopy, photodynamic therapy, and laser techniques are all possible treatments.

A urologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the male and female urinary tracts, as well as the male reproductive organs. They are highly trained physicians who work in private medical clinics and perform a variety of examinations and diagnostic tests. When necessary, urologists also perform surgery on patients. Urologists diagnose and treat conditions affecting the kidneys, urinary bladder, urethra, uterus, and male reproductive organs. Additionally, some urologists specialize in a particular area, such as pediatric urology, male infertility, or urologic oncology.


Urologists are specialists in the field of urology, performing examinations of the urinary tract and reproductive organs to diagnose infections, cancer, diseases, and disorders. Urologists are occasionally called upon to perform surgical procedures to remove kidney stones and other obstructions in the urinary tract that may be causing patients’ symptoms. If a patient exhibits symptoms of incontinence or other urinary system problems, they are referred to a urologist for further evaluation. Urologists diagnose and treat patients who have enlarged prostates, interstitial cystitis, an overactive bladder, or prostatitis.

Certain urologists have additional training in reconstructive surgery, and they perform surgeries on congenital genitalia abnormalities as well as assist patients who have been injured in an accident. They use X-rays, fluoroscopes, blood and urine tests, ultrasounds, and catheters to diagnose patients’ conditions. They prescribe antibiotics to women suffering from bladder infections and men suffering from urethritis, and they perform a variety of procedures to treat bladder and kidney cancers. Urologists work in a variety of settings, including private practice, hospitals, urology centers, and medical clinics.

It is beneficial for a urologist, as well as any other type of medical professional, to have a positive attitude and a pleasant bedside manner, as they are frequently performing tests and procedures that are uncomfortable for their patients, and there are times when they must inform their patients of diagnoses that are not always what they want to hear. The ability to communicate effectively and a desire to assist others are both positive characteristics that will serve you well in this position.

Medical professionals must also possess problem-solving abilities and an eye for detail, as they are frequently confronted with medical emergencies that require them to think quickly and resolve the issue to the best of their ability. Urologists are a vital part of the medical community, and they help save lives every day by testing for, diagnosing, and treating bladder and reproductive system cancers and diseases.


A patient may be referred to a urologist for a variety of reasons, including the following:

  • Incontinence

A urinary system malfunction can result in an involuntary loss of bladder control. This may occur in women as a result of the pelvic floor muscles weakening during pregnancy

  • Male infertility

This is a condition that can occur as a result of damage to the male reproductive tract or a variety of sperm disorders. Varicoceles, an enlarged vein in the sac beneath the penis, is a common cause. Surgery can occasionally be beneficial.

  • Kidney disease

Kidney damage can result in swelling of the hands and ankles, as well as high blood pressure and other symptoms. Kidney failure occurs when the kidneys cease to function effectively. In the end, it can be fatal.

  • Urological cancer

Cancers of the urological or male reproductive system, such as bladder cancer and prostate cancer, are treated in urologic oncology.

When the pelvic floor tissues and muscles are unable to support the organs in the pelvis, the organs can prolapse from their normal position.

Cancers of the bladder, kidneys, prostate gland, and testicles, as well as any other type of cancer affecting the urinary system or, in men, the reproductive system.


Urologist Job Description

Below are the Urologist job description examples you can use to develop your resume or write a Urologist job description for your employee. Employers can also use it to sieve out job seekers when choosing candidates for interviews.

The duties and responsibilities of a Urologist include the following:

  • Consulting patients to assess and treat genitourinary organ problems
  • Examining patient notes and histories to ascertain pertinent information
  • Performing diagnostic tests on blood and other tissue specimens and interpreting the results
  • Utilizing specialized equipment, including radiographs, fluoroscopes, and catheters
  • Performing surgeries to repair or prevent injuries
  • Conducting organ transplantation surgeries, such as kidney transplantation
  • Correcting lower urinary tract anomalies
  • Managing nurses, resident medical students, and other support personnel
  • Attending conferences, meetings, and events dedicated to continuing professional development
  • Consulting with patients and acquisition of their medical histories
  • Diagnosing conditions through the use of blood tests, urine tests, ultrasound, and X-rays
  • Analyzing test results
  • Conducting surgeries to remove kidney stones, cancerous tumors, genital abnormalities, or obstructions of the urinary tract
  • Prescribing antibiotics for the treatment of infections
  • Collaborating closely with nursing staff and primary care physicians
  • Communicating with patients about their conditions and treatment plans and responding to their questions



Urologists spend at least 12 years obtaining degrees and certifications to practice medicine. They must continue their education throughout their careers to maintain certification. A urologist’s typical responsibilities include the following:


Urologists are required to hold both a bachelor’s degree and a medical degree. They typically pursue a bachelor’s degree in a science field, such as pre-medicine, chemistry, or biology, which prepares them for medical school prerequisite courses. After that, they must pass the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) to enroll in medical school, which typically lasts four years.

Urologists spend their first two years of medical school studying anatomy, pathology, patient care, microbiology, and biochemistry in the classroom and laboratory. They begin gaining hands-on experience during their final year or two of medical school through the hospital and clinic rotations.


Urologists spend at least five years after medical school completing their residencies. They apply to an accredited residency program through a program such as the National Resident Matching Program. Typically, urologists gain one to two years of surgical experience and three to four years of urology training during this time.

Urologists who wish to pursue a fellowship in a field such as urologic oncology, male infertility, or pediatric urology may do so following their residency. Fellowships provide additional training and research opportunities for medical professionals in a particular subspecialty.

Urologists should stay current on new surgical techniques and equipment, as well as the latest research on urinary tract and related disorders, throughout their careers.


After completing their residency, urologists may choose to pursue board certification. A urologist’s certification indicates that he or she has completed a specified amount of training and possesses the necessary knowledge to practice urology safely and effectively. Urologists may become certified by the following organizations:

  • American Urological Association

This organization certifies physicians in general urology and its subspecialties. Urologists must complete their residency and pass a qualifying examination to become certified. Following that, they spend 16 months gaining clinical experience before sitting for a final exam. Urologists must maintain a certain number of hours of continuing education every two years to maintain their certification.

Urologists can join the American Urological Association (AUA) to demonstrate their commitment to continuing their education and knowledge. The AUA offers courses for board certification preparation, access to research journals, and opportunities for continuing education.

  • American College of Surgeons (ACS)

Urologists can become fellows of the American College of Surgeons (ACS) to receive continuing education, leadership training, and other career resources. They must have at least one year of practice experience in addition to board certification to join.

Urologists must also hold a state medical license to practice legally, which they can obtain by meeting education requirements and passing an exam.


Essential Skills

Urologists, as medical professionals, must possess a variety of abilities, including the following:

  • Empathy

Compassionate urologists should be concerned with the well-being of others and demonstrate empathy for patients who may be in pain or discomfort.

  • Problem-solving skills

These professionals must be able to take into account a patient’s medical history and clinical signs, order necessary tests, and interpret the results to arrive at an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.

  • Professionalism

They must conduct themselves professionally and ethically, all the more so because they treat conditions in patients’ sensitive and private areas.

  • Communication

Urologists should possess the verbal ability to communicate complex medical concepts in plain language to patients, families, and other professionals.

They should be able to make treatment recommendations that are in the best interests of the patient. They may also be required to make quick decisions during surgery.

  • Stamina

Urologists should have the stamina and physical ability to stand for extended periods. They may be required to work extended hours.


How to Become a Urologist

Urologists must pass a rigorous and difficult examination to become licensed medical professionals. They frequently spend over a decade acquiring the education and training necessary to practice. To become a urologist, follow these steps:

  1. Completion of a bachelor’s degree

A bachelor’s degree in pre-medicine or a science field such as chemistry or biology is required. These courses will lay the groundwork for your medical education.

  1. Sit for the MCAT

The MCAT exam is typically taken in the spring of a student’s junior year of college. To apply to and be accepted into medical school, you must pass this nearly eight-hour standardized test.

  1. Earn a doctorate in medicine

Earn a four-year medical degree to acquire the fundamental medical knowledge and skills necessary to practice as a urologist.

  1. Complete a residency

Following graduation from medical school, you must complete a five-year residency in urology in a hospital setting. Here, you’ll work with patients and develop urology-specific surgical skills.

  1. Participate in a fellowship

While not required, you may elect to complete a fellowship in a subspecialty of urology of your choice. These take an additional one to three years. You can search for urology fellowships on the AUA or NIH websites.

  1. Obtain board certification

Certification by the ABU can increase job opportunities and earnings potential for urologists. Many employers prefer to hire board-certified urologists, which requires completion of a residency and a specified number of training hours, in addition to passing an exam.

  1. Apply for a state license.

Contact your state medical board to determine the requirements for medical licensure in your state of practice. This license is required to practice legally.

  1. Submit job applications

After completing your residency, fellowship, or board certification, you can apply for urologist jobs. Positions in hospitals, private practices, and specialty clinics are available.


Where to Work as a Urologist

Urologists work in hospitals, academic medical centers, urology centers, and private practices.


Urologist Salary Scale

In the United States, the average urologist earns $219,265 per year.

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