ABA Therapist Job Description, Skills, and Salary
Get to know about the duties, responsibilities, qualifications, and skills requirements of an ABA therapist. Feel free to use our ABA therapist job description template to produce your own. We also provide you with information about the salary you can earn as an ABA therapist.
Who is an ABA Therapist?
Applied behavioural analysis (ABA) is a type of therapy that uses reinforcement systems to improve social, communication, and learning skills. The term “behavioural engineering” is also used to describe ABA. It is a scientific discipline that uses empirical methodologies based on responder and operant conditioning principles to change socially significant behaviour. ABA is commonly used by behaviour therapists to treat people who learn and think differently, such as those with autism spectrum disorders. Positive reinforcement is a primary approach employed in ABA, according to Autism Speaks, a charity that promotes improved understanding and acceptance of persons with autism. “When an action is followed by something valuable (a reward), a person is more inclined to repeat that behaviour,” according to the ABA. This promotes good behavioural change over time. Any ABA program’s purpose is to help each individual develop skills that will help them become more independent and successful in the short and long run.”
Therefore, an applied behaviour analysis (ABA) therapist is a therapist who works with children who have developmental problems. Many of the patients have an autistic diagnosis. An applied behaviour analysis (ABA) therapist is a behaviour intervention specialist. Understanding the nature of the role and responsibilities of this profession might help you decide if it is a good fit for your skills and interests. Working under the supervision of a professional behavioural analyst to administer particular therapies in a one-on-one environment is one of your obligations as an ABA therapist. These methods adhere to ABA guidelines and are designed to improve speech, behaviour, and physical abilities. You also keep track of each session’s data to track the patient’s improvement and plan future therapy. Adults are occasionally treated with ABA as well. To be successful in this field, an applied behaviour analysis (ABA) therapist must have the correct combination of academic knowledge, practical experience, and patience. Study the subtleties of ABA therapy and obtain a thorough understanding of how it was formed and why it works to become an effective ABA therapist. To increase your abilities and understanding of these treatments, ask questions and learn from your supervisors regularly. Finally, be patient and persistent—even modest successes take time to achieve, but they have a significant influence on your patients and their families.
ABA therapists use their knowledge of behaviour analysis to help clients reduce problematic behaviours and promote beneficial ones. ABA therapists focus on the antecedents of behaviour (what happens before a behaviour), the ensuing behaviour, and the consequences of that conduct using positive reinforcement and other treatment strategies. They evaluate clients, establish treatment goals, administer therapy, and track their progress. ABA therapists can employ a variety of approaches to improve positive behaviours while reducing negative ones. Individuals, treatment settings, and desired behaviours will all influence the strategies used. Discrete trial training (DTT), modelling, the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS), and reinforcement systems are all examples of ABA therapy.
- Discrete Trial Training: DTT entails applying the ABC method in a one-on-one, controlled setting. The therapist will give a cue, ask for the desired behaviour, and then praise it with positive reinforcement. This technique is repeated until the required behaviour appears on its own. DTT can be used by therapists to help people with autism acquire social and behavioural skills.
- Modeling: In ABA therapy, modelling entails showing the desired behaviour. The therapist may demonstrate what the participant is required to perform in person, on film, or through audio. When meeting a new person, the individual may be advised to shake hands or say thank you when receiving an object, for example. This method is very useful for helping children develop social and communication skills.
- Picture Exchange Communication System: PECS is a picture-based system for teaching communication and linguistic skills to children. In exchange for the child’s picture of the desired object, the therapist offers the child the object depicted in the picture. They continue to transmit new words, sentences, and modifiers using this technique.
- Reinforcement Systems: Reinforcement systems are used by ABA therapists to teach people about the consequences of specific behaviours. Individuals may be urged to try again if they do not engage in the right activity, or reinforcement may be delayed until the behaviour is observed. If they accomplish the act, they may be rewarded or given positive reinforcement in the form of praise or a reward. For example, children may be given tokens that can be swapped for refreshments, toys, or special benefits.
An ABA therapist’s main job is to detect and study a patient’s unique behavioural traits in various contexts, situations, and locations. They can establish a treatment plan based on this study by learning a patient’s triggers and providing exercises and activities to assist them to modify their behaviour.
ABA Therapist Job Description
Below are the ABA therapist job description examples you can use to develop your resume or write an ABA therapist job description for your employee. Employers can also use it to sieve out job seekers when choosing candidates for interviews.
- Apply ABA concepts to patient behaviour.
- Respond correctly to a variety of circumstances that Autism patients and others with behavioural and developmental issues may encounter.
- Use crucial communication skills to deliver meaningful feedback to patients.
- Communicate positive comments to patients effectively.
- Learn how to use behavioural redirection tactics and how to use them.
- Understand how to correctly respond to unfavourable behaviours.
- Provide written records for each patient.
- Instruct patients and their parents in useful activities.
- Individualize treatment strategies for patients.
- Provide patients with feedback.
- Recognize and react to significant changes in patient behaviour.
- Keep up with the most recent ABA-related news, techniques, and advances.
- Maintain meticulous records of treatments and progress.
- A GED certificate or high school diploma
- A bachelor’s degree in psychology, social work, or a closely related subject is required and mostly preferred
- Certification by RBT (or willingness to become certified).
- At least 5 years of experience in ABA therapy.
- Working with children, especially those with autism or special needs, is a plus.
- Certification from The Behavior Analyst Certification Board.
- Certification in Basic Life Support (BLS) is a plus.
- Immunizations, including tuberculosis, are up to date.
- A valid driver’s license and dependable transportation are required.
- Working with children especially autistic or special needs children is an experience that can be required.
- Ability to work in high-stress environments.
- Strong organizational and time-management abilities.
- Excellent interpersonal and communication abilities
- Communication skills. ABA therapists must be able to read both verbal and nonverbal signs, such as body language, to be effective. They must also be able to interact with students, instructors, parents, and coworkers clearly and effectively. To maintain treatment and remain effective in their roles, aba therapists must communicate with their patients. Delivering messages necessitates strong writing and speaking skills. Therapists must also explain treatment and diagnosis to the patient’s family.
- Interpersonal skills: Developing genuine relationships with patients aids therapists in providing support and can improve therapy success. A therapist might urge patients to participate in activities that will benefit their rehabilitation by earning their trust. Interpersonal skills allow patients and therapists to engage and also assist the therapist in modelling social behaviours. While your relationship with patients is critical to their recovery or development of life skills, your relationship with the patient’s family might be just as vital. Outside of therapy sessions, the family often serves as a support structure and offers primary care to your patient. It’s critical to keep them updated on the patient’s condition.
- Critical thinking skills. Critical thinking abilities assist ABA therapists in making well-informed treatment program decisions. Professionals who employ ABA therapy, for example, must tailor each session to the learner’s skills, interests, and requirements. Individualized programs are written to meet the needs of each client. ABA is not a one-size-fits-all methodology. To examine and understand data, ABA therapists employ critical thinking abilities. They can build a treatment strategy for each patient based on their findings. Critical thinking can also lead to a patient’s diagnosis. Each patient has their personality, background, and set of strengths and weaknesses. An ABA therapist must utilize critical thinking abilities to establish (and constantly adjust) an effective treatment plan for each patient’s changing needs.
- Creativity: Because each patient’s condition is different, an ABA therapist must be able to interact with and treat them creatively. They construct a customized treatment plan for each patient to tailor care. When interacting with patients and addressing their issues, ABA therapists employ creativity. It’s simpler to envision unique or inventive ideas, such as strategies for connecting with patients, when you can think creatively or “beyond the box.”
- Empathy: “Understanding a person from his or her frame of reference rather than one’s own, or vicariously experiencing that person’s feelings, perceptions, and thoughts,” according to the American Psychological Association. Empathy is a necessary ability for aspiring ABA therapists to master. The person receiving ABA therapy must feel understood for it to be effective. An effective ABA therapist is usually an empathic someone who can relate to and understand the concerns and struggles of their patients. This enables them to deliver individualized treatment and support. Empathy is an important part of a patient’s recovery and coping process. Because empathy is a cornerstone of the therapist-patient interaction, it is possibly more important than any other attribute on this list in the discipline of behaviour analysis.
- Strong Problem-solving Skills: ABA therapists devote a significant amount of time to watching their clients. The therapist takes thorough notes during these observations to review the issue later. Making those observations has the purpose of identifying the problem and proposing ideas to remedy it. A youngster with autism, for example, may engage in problematic behaviour such as spinning instead of sitting still while listening. The therapist may observe what causes the spinning and propose a way to stop the problem from spinning. If the first remedy does not work or stops functioning after some time, the therapist may need to work with parents or guardians on other options.
- Data Analysis Skills: A lot of ABA therapists do research. Even if they don’t perform their research, they may need to consult research articles to learn what’s new and assess the efficacy of a treatment for a certain illness. This necessitates the ability to interpret raw data. In addition, the therapist must be able to assess facts and form logical conclusions.
How to Become an ABA Therapist
Step 1: Obtain an Undergraduate Degree
Obtaining an undergraduate degree is the first step to becoming an ABA therapist. It is preferable to have a bachelor’s degree in an area such as psychology or education. You must have a college diploma or higher certification in a related profession to work as an ABA therapist. There are no formal requirements for the field of study. Many psychology courses deal with difficulties that are directly related to ABA therapy. Students can learn about emotional diseases, mental illnesses, and developmental issues, for example. For those interested in becoming an ABA therapist, sociology is a popular major. Although having a bachelor’s degree is advantageous, the Behaviour Analyst Certification Board does not need it.
Step 2. Opt for an internship
You can look for an internship or placement while still in university that allows you to work directly with an ABA therapist and their patients. This can round out your fundamental education by providing hands-on experience and exposing you to real-world situations. It’s a fantastic opportunity to put your knowledge to use and improve your talents. This experience will help you obtain a license when you graduate.
Step 3: Earn a Graduate Degree.
Obtaining an advanced degree is the next stage in becoming an ABA therapist. A master’s degree is required to practice. A behavioural analysis graduate program can help you continue your study in the discipline. They usually last two years, and to graduate, students must write a thesis on applied behaviour analysis. Because the thesis typically necessitates extensive research and writing, students choose a topic and begin research early in their master’s program. While certain professions in the field may require only a bachelor’s degree in psychology or education, most employers prefer candidates to have at least a master’s degree in a discipline such as applied behaviour analysis.
Step 4: Obtain Licensure and Certification
Most states need ABA therapists to obtain a license to practice, while the specific requirements vary by jurisdiction. ABA therapists must understand the licensure and renewal requirements in the state where they’ll be working. Employers often need ABA therapists to be certified in addition to being licensed. If ABA therapists want to start their practice, they must be certified. Although qualifying can aid with job placement, it is not required to work as an ABA therapist. You have the necessary qualifications after completing your post-secondary study and fieldwork. Students who want to work as ABA therapists must be certified by the Behaviour Analyst Certification Board (BACB). This credential is now accessible in Manitoba and British Columbia at a few universities.
Where to Work as an ABA Therapist
When a new skill is being learnt that is location-specific, applied behaviour analysis (ABA) therapists perform therapy sessions in a range of venues, including the patient’s home, school, or a public location. ABA therapists can also operate in professional settings like treatment centres alongside a variety of other therapists. Some ABA therapists work in residential facilities for children with severe disabilities, while others consult and provide services and interventions to pupils in school systems.
ABA Therapist Salary Scale
The typical compensation for an ABA therapist in the United States is between $36,888 and $56,537, according to several salary aggregate websites. ABA therapists in the United States make an average of $36,888 to $56,537 per year as of March 2022, depending on experience, region, talents, and other factors. In Nigeria, an ABA therapist usually earns roughly 430,000 NGN per month. Salaries range between 198,000 and 684,000 NGN. This is the monthly average pay, which includes housing, transportation, and other amenities. Salary for ABA therapists varies greatly depending on experience, skills, gender, and region.