QA Engineer Job Description, Skills, and Salary
Get to know about the duties, responsibilities, qualifications, and skills requirements of a QA engineer. Feel free to use our QA engineer job description template to produce your own. We also provide you with information about the salary you can earn as a QA engineer.
Who is a QA Engineer?
Software testers and software test engineers are some of the names for quality assurance engineers or QA engineers. They are experts whose work aims to use engineering expertise to enhance the software development process and product quality. The QA engineer creates test plans to evaluate both new and current software, fix bugs in the code, and enhance software usability.
They make sure the final product satisfies the demand and uphold the software’s quality standards at every stage. The tests are also created by a QA engineer to ensure that the software is free of any technical flaws. They analyze data, find faults, and record findings while working in a lab or office environment in front of a system.
Some of the Activities carried out by a QA Engineer
- Handles the bug database: Top QA engineers must be able to maintain the bug database because it indicates the condition the product is in. This means that they must also be conscious of the effects that supplying a defective product will have on the consumer. A QA engineer should decide whether to deploy a product with problems only after carefully weighing the risks and realizing that they are manageable.
- Comprehends the specifications of the system: Because specifications represent the many systems involved in the development process, a QA engineer should consider the reality of each use case and understand the systems’ specifications.
- Conversance with tools for test management and bug tracking: Bug tracking is a method that is essential to a QA engineer’s job. Therefore, it’s essential to have the appropriate tools for test management and defect tracking. A prospective QA engineer ought to be familiar with the web-based tool BugHerd, Mantis Bug Tracker, Asana, Marker.io, and Stryka, among other crucial technologies. A QA engineer may be familiar with several other test management solutions, such as TestRail, TestFLO for Jira, Jira, QAComplete, and VersionOne. However, because new bug tracking and test management solutions are always being created, QA engineers must distinguish which ones are of a high caliber and comprehend which of them is best for their specific project.
- Comprehends certain programming languages: QA engineers must be proficient in a few programming languages because test automation is a critical component of QA testing. To automate UI (user interface) testing, they will need to employ programming languages like Java, Python, C#, or Ruby.
QA Engineer Job Description
Below are the QA engineer job description examples you can use to develop your resume or write a QA engineer job description for your employee. Employers can also use it to sieve out job seekers when choosing candidates for interviews.
- Establish guidelines and practices that developers should adhere to.
- Run test scripts manually and automatically.
- Create software and run automated tests.
- Communicate with stakeholders to comprehend and clarify software requirements.
- Analyze test findings to forecast user behavior, spot faults, and offer fixes to lessen issues.
- Collaborate closely with the product development and testing teams to guarantee the project is delivered on time.
- Observe the quality metrics.
- Check to see if the finished product satisfies the requirement.
- Analyze the features of the product and give suggestions for improvements to make them more effective and user-friendly.
- Keep abreast with the most recent standards, laws, and advancements in the sector.
- Create test strategies, playbooks, scripts, and processes.
- Put source code through tests.
- Report to the development team after reviewing test findings.
- Collaborate with the development team to fix problems and mistakes.
- Bachelor’s degree in engineering, computer science, or a closely related discipline.
- Solid working knowledge of QA procedures, programming languages, and test management tools.
- Working knowledge of test planning and automation tools and scripts.
- The ability to write and run test cases for software that is being developed to find defects and other issues.
- The capacity to recognize and record any flaws or issues discovered during testing.
- Outstanding Knowledge of Data Interpretation: A QA Engineer’s profession requires extensive testing of data. A QA Engineer fundamentally interacts with data, from data translation to data quality measurement and output delivery. A QA Engineer must have a thorough understanding of the data utilized in the testing process and know how to combine it better for perfect output because the amount of data gathered during the development and delivery of your product plays such a significant role.
- Project Management Skills: A QA Engineer must acquire project management abilities in addition to being in charge of finding faults and problems in software or websites. The QA team may be significantly impacted by new technology used by a corporation. As a result, having a strong project management foundation is necessary if you want to integrate the newest technology into the supply chain. Additionally, start learning how project management and communication function.
- Proven Knowledge and Expertise of the Domain: A QA Engineer plays a key role in determining the level and quality of a website or piece of software. You must locate the flaws and gaps in the product as a QA engineer. Consequently, start gaining a fundamental understanding of the organization’s technical procedures. Keep a close eye on every stage of the production or supply chain because doing so will help you spot problems and find solutions. As automation and technology have progressively begun to permeate every firm, you must add value by developing a thorough understanding of every stage of the manufacturing process specific to your industry.
- Knowledge of Impact on Consumers: You must comprehend how your website or software product affects people, regardless of the QA role to which you are allocated to also build an understanding of end consumers. IT constantly aims to simplify people’s lives so you ought to consider what you can do to make your product effective and efficient. Robotic and automated equipment will guarantee the quality of your product. However, you as a human can increase the product’s impact by appealing to your emotions. Utilize observation to guide your queries while you use the instruments. Only when you view your product from the perspective of the end user can you fully comprehend the danger and gravity of any problems. Thus, highlighting the impact on the client is essential.
- Ability to Maintain Bug Database: The state of the product is described in the bug database. A QA engineer needs to be aware of how deploying a product with bugs can harm customers.
- Comprehension of Specifications of Systems: Understand the project specifications as they relate to the bug database. That is the benchmark for the purpose, effectiveness, and construction of your project. You’ll be able to produce material that is of high quality with the aid of that knowledge and understanding. To achieve your objective, as a QA engineer, you should take into account the reality of each scenario and the requirements of the system.
- Conversance with Test Management and Bug Tracking Tools: You must remain knowledgeable about various problem tracking technologies as a QA Engineer. The tools are updated frequently. The ideal bug tracking tool for your website and software will therefore depend on how you monitor the update. Additionally, becoming familiar with bug monitoring tools can help you understand the requirements for websites and software quality. A prospective QA engineer should be familiar with the web-based tools Asana, Marker.io, Stryka, Mantis Bug Tracker, and BugHerd.
- Compassion and Empathy: To resolve problems, QA engineers must comprehend other developers, clients, and QA testers and consider a problem from their point of view. A QA engineer who is empathetic and truly comprehends the client’s values can make a significant contribution to the creation of a successful final product. Understanding the client’s priorities is a crucial component of empathetic behavior. To accomplish this, QA engineers must be able to ask the proper questions to understand what is significant from their point of view.
- Ability to Work in a Team: QA engineers frequently cooperate with various team members and departments due to the complex testing requirements of many products (development, design, and so forth).
- Ability to Observe Critically: the capacity to watch towards continual self-improvement. This includes the ability to detect defects in items as well as how they function. Effective QA personnel provide equal attention to the product’s quality and their work methods.
- Adaptability Skills: With each new product and at different stages of a product’s development, QA engineers’ responsibilities and expectations alter. To ensure that the product fulfills the criteria, QA experts must continue to be ready to learn new duties and testing techniques. Testers must constantly be prepared to adjust to the needs of the team because QA is a team responsibility. If there are concerns with process quality, team members must also adjust to changes in work practices.
- Excellent Time management Skills: A QA engineer is required to meet definite timeframes. For their team, they plan and write processes. These are essential to ensuring that the team delivers new software on schedule and follows quality standards. They frequently oversee additional activities like producing reports or writing automated testing scripts in addition to managing development and testing. A QA engineer that has effective time management abilities can succeed given their workload.
- Keen Attention to Detail: A QA engineer is required to meet definite timeframes. For their team, they plan and write processes. These are essential to ensuring that the team delivers new software on schedule and follows quality standards. They frequently oversee additional activities like producing reports or writing automated testing scripts in addition to managing development and testing. A QA engineer that has effective time management abilities can succeed given their workload.
- Technical Skills: Of course, you need to have a solid understanding of the program you are working with as well as a variety of associated tools if you want to be a software quality assurance engineer.
- Diligence: The best professionals are those who are eager to grow as an individual and as a profession. QA testers carry out tasks that demand diligence and effort to keep up with technological advancements. Your hard skills and professional value will both increase as a result of your diligence, which is a soft skill. It will be beneficial if you continue to learn to stay current with trends and new QA techniques.
- Problem-solving skills: Problem-solving abilities are necessary for all engineering disciplines. The same applies to QA engineering. For QA engineers, it’s standard practice to find solutions to challenging technical issues and software testing issues. An ideal candidate will address software development issues effectively. The efficiency with which you can create original solutions to complex technical problems will determine how quickly your QA engineer career will advance.
How to Become a QA Engineer
- Pick a Programming Language and Specialize in it: It is advised to learn how to write in an object-oriented language, such as Java, C#, or Python, for roles as QA engineers. Depending on the industry you wish to work in, such as web development, software development, or embedded systems, choose certain programming languages to master. A web QA engineer, for instance, would need to be familiar with HTML, CSS, and JS.
- Acquire Knowledge of coding and software development through college or a coding Bootcamp: For a QA engineer employment, a technical degree in computer science, information systems technology, or software engineering would be a solid starting point.
Employer-specific educational requirements differ, but a coding Bootcamp for the particular language you wish to study offers an alternative to a standard college degree. Since these fast-paced, highly specialized programs often take three to nine months, they may be a good career choice if you already know the position you want.
- Apply for Internships or Contractual Roles: While you are still in school, look for contract or internship options. These positions give your resume more impact, and temporary contract work might be a means to start networking with co-workers and break into the workforce while you’re still in school.
- Develop and strengthen your technical skills: Since technology is a subject that changes quickly, it’s critical to keep up with current developments. With the help of self-study courses, many of which are offered online, you can continue to advance your abilities and professional development.
- Obtain Professional Certification: Possibilities for higher-paying work may arise as a result of obtaining professional certification. The American Society of Quality’s Certified Software Quality Engineer (CSQE) credential is one type of certification appropriate for QA engineers (ASQ).
- Develop your technical resume and software developer portfolio: A technical resume includes your technical experience and talents that are pertinent to a career opportunity. Technical resumes are utilized in disciplines like information technology, engineering, and computer science. For potential employers, your portfolio displays your skills and expertise while showcasing your professional endeavors and achievements. This is a website that has information about you, your contact information, and the best examples of the work you’ve done.
- Commence your job search and prepare for a technical interview: It’s crucial to keep in mind that a technical interview is a challenging process when you start your job hunt. Be prepared to exhibit knowledge in areas associated with your area of specialization in addition to being prepared for responses to common interview questions.
Where to Work as a QA Engineer
- Finance industries
- Electronic manufacturing Companies
- Computer design companies
QA Engineer Salary Scale
The average gross pay for quality assurance engineers in the United States is $85,900, which equates to a $41 hourly wage. Additionally, they receive a $2,491 bonus on average. Based on pay survey data obtained from anonymous employees and employers in the United States. A quality assurance engineer with 1-3 years of experience at entry level makes, on average, $61,084. The average compensation for a senior-level quality assurance engineer (8+ years of experience) is $106,264.
Based on 13 salaries, the average total remuneration for a Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer at the entry-level with less than one year of experience is £26,226 (which includes tips, bonus, and overtime pay) in the United Kingdom.
Based on 226 salaries, the average total pay for an early career Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer with 1-4 years of experience is £29,117 in the United Kingdom.
116 salaries for a mid-career Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer with 5 to 9 years of experience result in an average total salary of £34,684 in the United Kingdom.
Based on 72 salaries, an experienced Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer with 10 to 19 years of experience gets a total annual salary in the region of £36,263 in the United Kingdom.
Employees who are in their late careers (20 years or more) make an average total income of £36,123 in the United Kingdom.