Cryptographer Job Description

Cryptographer Job Description, Skills, and Salary

Get to know about the duties, responsibilities, qualifications, and skills requirements of a cryptographer. Feel free to use our job description template to produce your own. We also provide you with information about the salary you can earn as a cryptographer.


Who is a Cryptographer?

A cryptographer is an individual who creates (or deciphers) the encryption code required for data protection. Computer-encrypted data uses extremely complex, lengthy, and time-consuming encryption procedures that are nearly impossible to crack. This is why online encryption is now used to control data transmission between web servers and browsers and is essential for secure online transactions, private communications, and secure data transfers.

One of the most crucial techniques for creating safe digital systems is cryptography. These systems are built in large part by cryptographers. As a result, they rank among the best-paid and most-valued employees in the burgeoning cybersecurity industry. Being a cryptographer can be academically demanding and financially lucrative. There are many things you should be aware of and educate yourself on if you’re considering a career as a cryptographer. This job guide will assist you in learning more about what a cryptographer is, what they do, how to become one, how much they make in the United States and the United Kingdom, and how to become one.

For those cyber security specialists that specialize in cryptography, there are numerous roles open. Many are research-related positions, allowing you to deepen your understanding and pursue your passions. Others work for some of the biggest companies in the country, and they require your assistance in protecting their database. You can even assist cryptocurrency businesses in their efforts to offer their clients more services in the safest, most expert way possible.

The majority of the following positions call for at least a master’s degree in computer science or mathematics. However, a top degree is not necessary to work as a cryptographer. You’ll undoubtedly need to be familiar with a variety of programming languages, such as Python, C, C++, Java, and mathematics.


Types of Cryptographer

  1. Applied Cryptographer: A master’s degree in computer science or mathematics is needed for this job. Employers might be on the lookout for someone with experience using quantum-safe cryptography, AI, and the Internet of Things.
  2. Staff Applied Cryptographer: Some of these jobs are with some of the top bitcoin brokerages in the world. In addition to other jobs, they are hiring people to design and develop cryptocurrency services. The positions might require a degree or not, and they might be located far away.
  3. HE Cryptographer: There are roles available in this area that focus on homomorphic cryptography theory and applications. You must hold a PhD in mathematics, computer engineering, or a related field to be eligible to apply. Additionally, you could require knowledge of Python, C++, Java, and C programming.
  4. Cryptography Research Scientist: You must at least have a graduate degree for this position. You must have previous expertise using blockchain technology. Because this is a research post, you must have excellent communication abilities. You can even be required to give papers at conferences.


Cryptographer Job Description

Below are the cryptographer job description examples you can use to develop your resume or write a cryptographer job description for your employee. Employers can also use it to sieve out job seekers when choosing candidates for interviews.

  • Find and fix vulnerabilities in the current encryption systems.
  • Test cryptology theories in practice, according to the requirements of an organization.
  • Improve data security by putting more secure, encrypted technologies in place.
  • Utilize RSA or other cipher types with public key cryptography.
  • Use secret key, private key, and public key cryptography to aid in achieving encryption goals.
  • Develop and oversee the implementation of encryption technologies across an organization’s code, software, and third-party products.
  • Use cutting-edge programming encryption techniques to prototype novel security solutions.
  • Provide training to help other employees who work with encryption data create safe and secure systems, provide training.
  • Work to uncover information’s vulnerabilities by decrypting it.



  • Good understanding of IT security solutions, software, and hardware.
  • Knowledge of Ruby on Rails, Perl, PHP, C#, C++, NET, Java, and other source code programming languages.
  • Knowledge of computer operating systems like UNIX, Linux, and MS Windows. Experience in IT support
  • Being able to write source code.
  • Knowledge of hash functions, symmetric encryption, and message authentication codes.
  • A fundamental understanding of number theory, information theory, and complexity theory.
  • Understanding of key exchange, the public key and private key encryption, and digital signatures.
  • The capacity to apply decryption techniques to boost the security of a company.
  • Strong mathematical foundations in linear or matrix algebra and discrete mathematics.
  • Proficiency with cryptography algorithms and data structures.


Essential Skills

  1. Understanding of number theory: Number theory is analyzed and interpreted by cryptographers. They must comprehend how numbers relate to one another in order to be able to decipher a code’s original message. A cryptographer might be able to crack a string of letters that stand in for a series of integers, for instance, by figuring out what each letter means in relation to the others.
  2. Knowledge of Web Security: Protecting websites and online applications against harmful assaults is known as web security. As a cryptographer, you can be in charge of developing secure web pages to safeguard confidential data. Understanding typical vulnerabilities and threats as well as how to construct safe websites is necessary for this. Then, you can contribute to the creation of more effective encryption solutions using your knowledge of web security.
  3. Understanding of network security: To protect data, cryptographers employ their understanding of network security. They could create and put into place a system that guards data against theft, unlawful access, and destruction. To do this, they must comprehend how hackers work and the different kinds of security measures they can get through. Additionally, cryptographers must be able to recognize system breaches so they can patch up any damage and stop further incursions.
  4. Understanding of algorithms; Algorithms are used by cryptographers to encode and decode data. Digital signatures, which are distinctive strings of numbers that confirm the legitimacy of a communication or file, are also made using algorithms. In order to perform their duties successfully, cryptographers must be able to understand algorithms, which can be challenging mathematical calculations.
  5. Knowledge of Research: Cryptographers conduct research to learn more about the algorithms they want to use and the security precautions that their employers demand. When attempting to crack a code or understand messages from an unidentified source, they also employ research skills. It’s crucial for cryptographers to be knowledgeable about research techniques in order to succeed in this line of work.
  6. Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI) expertise: Cryptographers utilize PKI, a system of digital signatures and encryption keys, to secure data. Understanding PKI is crucial for cryptographers since they frequently provide the certificates, keys, and other elements of this system while securing data. To be able to trust the information they get, they also need to know how to confirm the legitimacy of these components.
  7. Knowledge of Information Theory: Information transmission and reception are the subjects of information theory. This ability is used by cryptographers to guarantee the accuracy of communications delivered and received. They utilize it to decide what kind of encryption to apply to various messages. For instance, if a message contains sensitive information, cryptographers may opt for an encryption technique that uses tricky codes to guarantee confidentiality.
  8. Reverse engineering expertise: You may open a piece of malware and rebuild it with new features and abilities via reverse engineering. Similar to software engineering, no new application is ever created from scratch. Every new virus or exploit uses parts of previously released malware. Additionally, via reverse engineering, a hacker can alter the signature of an existing attack to avoid IDS and AV detection.
  9. Understanding of linear algebra: In order to understand vectors, matrices, and vector spaces, you must learn linear algebra. When building the Enigma machine during World War II, the Germans used linear algebra. Fortunately, a few clever codebreakers were able to decipher and break the Enigma code, probably by performing reverse engineering on the algebraic relationships they found.
  10. Understanding of combinatorics: This area of mathematics examines how many different arrangements of objects, such as letters or numbers, can be created from a given set. This is important for data encryption since it allows you to randomly mix up all the characters in a sensitive document, making it impossible for anyone to use it. The file can be applied with a key and decoded for legal usage, though.
  11. Familiarity with computer science: The ability to use software and hardware is known as computer science. Because they frequently use computers, which are required for both developing and deciphering codes, cryptographers must be proficient in computer science. For instance, cryptographers might use a program to develop an encryption key or examine encrypted data.
  12. Understanding of mathematics: Math is used by cryptographers to solve intricate mathematical problems and algorithms. Math is also used to generate codes, which are collections of numbers that can only be decoded by authorized individuals. A cryptographer might, for instance, create a method of sensitive data encryption using sophisticated mathematics. Because hackers lack the proper decryption tools, this makes sure the data remains secure.
  13. Data encryption comprehension: The process of transforming plain text into an unintelligible format is known as data encryption. This can be accomplished by representing each letter in the message with a set of numbers or symbols. For cryptographers, data encryption is crucial because it assures that only people with the proper authorization can access sensitive data. Additionally, it stops unauthorized users from reading or accessing data or private messages.
  14. Skills in effective communication: Since they frequently collaborate with other information security experts, cryptographers must effectively communicate with team members. Cryptographers sometimes need to decode complex material for experts in other divisions.
  15. Good Organization Skills: Cryptographers need to maintain organization when working with complicated ciphers and algorithms. They are able to operate alone and consistently provide quality work thanks to this ability.
  16. Skills for Solving Problems: Cryptographers need to be skilled analysts to decipher codes. Problem-solving experts can use this talent to improve the security measures in their organizations.
  17. Ability to work well in a team: Cryptographers may encounter high-stress, high-stakes situations and circumstances as a result of their employment in information security teams. Cryptographers can provide the finest results by collaborating with others and working together.
  18. Fluency in a programming language: To develop ciphers and break codes, cryptographers need to be proficient in coding languages like Java, Python,.NET, and C#. In addition to these, cryptographers frequently use PHP, C++, Ruby on Rails, and Perl.
  19. Encryption expertise: These experts secure the information of businesses using their expertise in public and private key encryption. By connecting data to a specific entity, cryptographers can use digital signatures to confirm the authenticity of the data.
  20. Calculation abilities: Professionals in cybersecurity use their knowledge of statistics and mathematics to spot any malicious attempts to access protected data. Linear algebra and combinatorics are two particular subjects that can be useful to cryptographers in their work.
  21. Familiarity with IT: Cryptographers can transition between diverse employment fields with ease if they have a solid working knowledge of IT, including an awareness of network design and project management.


How to Become a Cryptographer

  1. Focus on mathematics: The basis of cryptography is mathematics. Without arithmetic, ciphers and encryption methods would not be possible. This means that anyone interested in a career in cryptography needs to have very good arithmetic skills. Anyone who wants to work as a cryptographer should put in the effort to improve their arithmetic abilities, including by enrolling in review courses.
  2. Take up a bachelor’s degree program: Employers typically need, at the very least, a bachelor’s degree in mathematics, computer science, or a related subject to become a cryptologist. Most cryptographers will need to pursue a master’s or PhD degree in order to succeed in their career, although earning a bachelor’s degree is the first step.
  3. Perform an internship: While a bachelor’s degree may be sufficient to find employment in the field of cryptography, most companies will demand that their cryptographers hold a doctorate degree. As a result, getting experience in the industry is challenging. Searching for cryptographer internships, both paid and unpaid, is an alternative course of action.

Internships will not only give you experience that you can put on your resume, but they will also serve as an excellent learning tool. You will learn approaches by working with seasoned cryptographers that might not be covered in the classroom. Getting a paid internship offers the additional benefit of giving you money to support your continued studies.

Apply for alternative relevant internships and jobs in the domains of mathematics or cybersecurity if you are unable to obtain employment or an internship in the subject of cryptography with a bachelor’s degree.

  1. Obtain a master’s degree: As was already mentioned, the majority of businesses will need graduate degrees from their cryptographers. After completing your bachelor’s degree program, you have two options: either take some time off to look for an internship or entry-level position in the cryptography industry, or immediately enroll in a master’s program in computer science or mathematics.

Start your search for a job as a cryptographer: There is a demand for cryptographers in many different fields. To protect sensitive financial data, financial institutions like banks and credit card companies engage cryptographers. To help with national security, government institutions like the FBI and NSA both employ cryptographers. Choosing the industry you might like to work in is the first step in the job search process, after which you can begin applying.


Where to Work as a Cryptographer

  • Monetary institutions
  • Government institutions
  • Cybersecurity Industry
  • Tech
  • Businesses
  • Industries
  • Military


Cryptographer Salary Scale

Making the decision to become a cryptographer can be expensive because the majority of positions in the field require a graduate degree. Fortunately, positions in cryptography are typically well paid, and the income can help cover some of the expenses associated with the study. The national average cryptographer’s pay, according to ZipRecruiter, is $149,040 per year. Additionally, according to ZipRecruiter, entry-level cryptographers can make up to $109,500 a year. About 3% of cryptography positions pay between $189,500 and $197,500 on the top end. The average cryptographer’s pay, according to other websites like, is $77,000 yearly, with the top 10% earning an average of $166,000 and the bottom 10% making an average of $51,000. The average annual wage is $98,000, according to the website These figures show that, although it’s difficult to estimate salaries precisely, a career in cryptography is likely to be financially rewarding.

In the United Kingdom, the average gross pay for cryptographers is £72,007, or $35 per hour. They also receive an average bonus of £2,736 each year. Wage projections are based on anonymous employee and employer responses to a salary survey conducted in the UK. An entry-level cryptographer makes, on average, £50,032 after 1–3 years of employment. A high-level cryptographer, on the other hand, has average pay of £89,590 (8+ years of experience).

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