Stenographer Job Description

Stenographer Job Description, Skills, and Salary

Are you searching for a stenographer job description? Get to know about the duties, responsibilities, qualifications, and skills requirements of a stenographer. Feel free to use our stenographer job description template to produce your own stenographer job description. We also provide you with information about the salary you can earn as a stenographer.


Who is a Stenographer?

A stenographer is a person who uses a steno machine to create written verbatim records using a distinctively condensed writing style known as “steno.” Instead of writing letters one by one as is done on a standard keyboard, steno is “written” on the machine utilizing a unique theory that is based on syllables. Stenographers, or court reporters as they are more often known, may write more than 200 words per minute on average because of their condensed writing style and distinctive keyboard layout. Some court reporters have very high accuracy rates and can type more than 250 words per minute.

During court reporting, stenography is most frequently utilized in legal procedures. However, stenographers also operate in other industries, such as closed captioning for live television, recording government agency meetings, and creating forums for audiences that are deaf or hard of hearing.

Stenographers translate spoken words into written text and frequently record conversations in courtrooms, boardrooms, and public events. Stenographers use stenotype machines, a particular type of equipment, however, they may also use alternative transcribing techniques in their work. Continue reading to discover the responsibilities of stenographers and the tools they employ.

Written transcripts are crucial because they can be scanned and searched far more easily than audio or video recordings, which might make it difficult to remember precisely what was said and by whom. To make transcriptions more effective, the majority of stenographers learn a variety of shorthand notations. This process is made simpler by specialized stenography equipment called stenotypes, which also aid stenographers in turning their notations into legible text.


Stenographer Job Description

What is a stenographer job description? A stenographer job description is simply a list of duties and responsibilities of a stenographer in an organization. Below are the stenographer job description examples you can use to develop your resume or write a stenographer job description for your employee. Employers can also use it to sieve out job seekers when choosing candidates for interviews.

The duties and responsibilities of a stenographer include the following;

  • Keep abreast of technological advancements and industry standards by taking advantage of their employer’s ongoing education opportunities.
  • Preserve the privacy of customer data, including personal information and business plans.
  • Answer to a manager or supervisor who is in charge of the stenographers’ group.
  • Record and transcribe specialized sessions in the fields of medicine, law, commerce, and government.
  • Observe the established rules for speaking with other participants in the event, such as attorneys, witnesses, or other stenographers.
  • Create hearing, deposition, or other legal proceedings transcripts.
  • Listen to audio recordings or transcripts of earlier hearings to make sure they are factual.
  • Give scribes, judges, law enforcement, or any other authorized users transcripts or audio recordings of the occurrences.
  • Create transcripts of taped interviews or interrogations for use in court cases like trials or appeals.
  • Participate in proceedings, depositions, hearings, and other events that call for written transcripts.
  • Record the speaker’s identity, actions, and gestures in addition to the uttered words.
  • Utilize steno machines, microphones, recorders, audio, and video gear that are specifically designed for this purpose.
  • Replay or read back any portion of the proceedings.
  • Request clarification from witnesses for any inaudible or unclear testimony or statements.
  • Give copies of their transcriptions to the courts, the parties’ attorneys, and other parties involved.
  • Compose, type, and compile office documents while precisely translating the written materials into common English and maintaining meticulous records of all files, documents, and other official materials.
  • Coordinate meetings and gather data for managers.
  • Keep track of the development of cases until they are closed, and ensure secrecy of official documents and affairs.
  • Maintain appropriate order of documents to be provided to officers arranging and presenting documents in a logical order.



  • Possess a higher secondary degree
  • Certification program in stenography
  • A sand solid command of English grammar, and spelling.
  • Excellent mastery of a national, regional, or official language.


Essential Skills

  • Proofreading: Proofreading is a common practice for stenographers to make sure their work is accurate and free of grammatical or spelling problems. Proofreading entails reading through a document, looking for errors, and making any required fixes. Stenographers can help guarantee their messages are understandable by rapidly reviewing their work and pointing out any errors.
  • Real-Time Transcription: Real-time transcription experts can transcribe audio files as they are being listened to. Because it enables them to work swiftly and precisely, which saves their employers time and money, this is a crucial ability for stenographers. This ability is crucial for all stenographers to possess because they utilize it when working with video files.
  • Organization: Organizational skills are used by stenographers to manage their schedules, files, and other materials. Additionally, they must be able to arrange the notes they make at conferences or meetings so that they are simple to find later. Most stenographers keep all of their notes and documents organized in a file system.
  • Court reporting: The ability to record court proceedings, including testimony and evidence, is known as court reporting. When working for government organizations or law companies that need to record information for legal purposes, stenographers frequently use this talent. Additionally, court reporters may work as independent contractors who travel to other courts to offer their services.
  • Concentration: Long durations of concentration are necessary for stenographers. They may read through extensive volumes of material or transcribe protracted audio recordings, thus they must keep focus and stay focused while working. When taking dictation from clients over the phone or in person, stenographers must also be focused. They should pay close attention to the client’s speech to ensure they comprehend it and can accurately record it.
  • Keyboarding: Stenographers convert audio recordings into written text by using their keyboarding talents. They must have quick and accurate typing skills because they might need to check transcriptions for accuracy before sending them to clients. When using dictation software, which allows them to record their dictations without a steno machine, stenographers also use their keyboarding skills.
  • Document Preparation: Court transcripts, legal documents, and other written materials may be prepared and filed by stenographers using their expertise in document preparation. They could also be in charge of creating the documents that a court reporter will utilize when covering trials. Self-employed stenographers frequently manage all facets of their profession, including generating and filing documents.
  • Editing: Stenographers employ editing abilities to check their work for errors and make sure they accurately recorded the information. They also employ this ability when taking dictation since they might need to correct words or phrases that they misspelled or got wrong when recording what was said. By going through their notes and listening to recordings of their typing to identify their errors, stenographers can develop these abilities.
  • Speed and precision: Stenographers must be proficient at typing rapidly and precisely. This is crucial if you work in a hectic office setting where you might need to simultaneously transcript talks between numerous persons. Depending on the stenographer, steno speed might vary, although most of them can work at up to 225 words per minute.
  • Transcription: The process of turning audio into text is called transcription. Many different businesses can benefit from stenographers’ ability to convert an audio recording into a written document. For instance, medical practitioners may record patient interviews or doctor-patient talks, while court reporters frequently record judicial processes.
  • Observation of Details: When taking dictation, stenographers need to be able to pay meticulous attention to detail. They must pay close attention to what is said and retain specifics to accurately write what their boss dictates. A stenographer’s skill to pay attention to detail is also put to use while reading through transcripts of earlier meetings or talks. This makes sure that they consistently record information so that others can discover it in the future.
  • Flexibility: Stenographers should be adaptable in their work because their schedules or assignments can need to change at any time. Additionally, they require flexibility in the tools they utilize and the settings in which they work. Stenographers frequently vary between dealing with paper documents and computers, thus they ought to be able to adapt fast.
  • Skills in Communication: Stenographers use their communication abilities to clearly and precisely transmit messages. Stenographers must be able to hear a speaker, record what they say, and then transmit the information in writing. When making appointments or responding to queries regarding transcripts, they must also speak with clients on the phone or via email.
  • Confidentiality: When working with customers, stenographers must be able to retain confidentiality. They ought to be aware that they have access to private information and take precautions to safeguard it. Stenographers may also work in hospitals, legal offices, and other fields where it’s crucial to protect patients’ privacy. They could progress professionally and gain clients’ trust by using this talent.
  • Skills in Listening: To accurately transcribe, stenographers need to be able to pay close attention while listening. It’s crucial for stenographers to pay attention when someone is speaking because they need to comprehend not only what they say but also the speaker’s tone and body language. Because they need to hear the speaker clearly to write down exactly what they said, stenographers also use their listening skills when taking dictation.


How to Become a Stenographer

  • Finish secondary education: A secondary program, such as high school, must normally be completed before you can start a career as a stenographer. Gaining a solid command of the English language during your secondary education will help you get ready for a successful stenography profession. By enrolling in English and creative writing classes, you can improve your reading, writing, and listening abilities.
  • Think about enrolling in a post-secondary program: The two primary post-secondary education options for stenographers are a community college and a vocational school. While students at vocational schools may graduate with a certificate, those at community colleges usually do so with an associate degree. Both programs have a completion time of two to four years.

You might take classes in English grammar, typing, stenography shorthand, and using specialized steno machines during your post-secondary education. Students studying stenography also acquire terminology from the legal, business, and medical sectors—all of which use stenography frequently. The review of judicial ethics and directions on how to record a jury charge or a judge’s instructions to a jury about their duties may also be covered in stenography classes. You can think about looking for on-the-job training after completing a post-secondary program.

  • Complete training on the job: Whether you have completed a post-secondary stenography program or secondary school, obtaining on-the-job training can give you real-world stenography experience that can boost your career. Training in stenography while working frequently entails:
    • reading and discussing equipment manuals with instructors
    • getting to know stenography equipment
    • watching seasoned stenographers at work
  • Select an industry: You might consider which particular area of work most interests you after completing your post-secondary education or on-the-job training. You can choose an industry that is perfect for you by learning about the speed and accuracy standards for various sectors. The following industries frequently use stenographers:
    • Medical
    • Legal
    • Business
    • Entertainment
  • Obtain stenography certification in your state: The standards for stenographer certification vary by state. Before commencing a career as an entry-level stenographer, the majority of states need applicants to get a Registered Professional Reporter (RPR) certificate. New stenographers must typically complete an exam covering fundamental stenography skills like typing, legal language, and ethics to obtain an RPR certification. You can get ready for a prosperous career in stenography by learning about the requirements in your state for the role you want.
  • Continue your education: To keep their credentials, stenographers must regularly pass a speed test and attend continuing education seminars. For instance, the National Court Reporter Association (NCRA) mandates that stenographers holding the RPR certification get a minimum of three continuing education units every three years. You might pick up fresh stenography techniques in continuing education classes, keeping your credentials current as the industry’s technological advances.


Where to Work as a Stenographer

Public and private organizations hire stenographers. They often work in the business, scientific, legal, and medical fields. Additionally, they might transcribe lectures, podcasts, and radio talk broadcasts. Stenographers can organize various government organizations, particularly in courtrooms. Exams sponsored by the SSC (Staff Selection Commission), UPSC (Union Public Service Commission), and a few public financial institutions are typically used to choose candidates for government employment.


Stenographer Salary Scale

In the USA, stenographers typically make $46,800 a year, or $24 an hour. Most experienced workers earn up to $52,001 per year, while entry-level occupations start at $39,035 annually.

In Canada, stenographers typically make $45,669 a year, or $23.42 an hour. Most experienced workers earn up to $50,695 per year, while entry-level occupations start at $42,881 annually.

Australia’s average stenographer income is $44.31 per hour or $86,410 annually. Most experienced workers earn up to $131,953 per year, while entry-level roles start at $80,000.

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