Radiation Therapist Job Description

Radiation Therapist Job Description, Skills, and Salary

Are you searching for a radiation therapist job description? Get to know about the duties, responsibilities, qualifications, and skills requirements of a radiation therapist. Feel free to use our radiation therapist job description template to produce your own radiation therapist job description. We also provide you with information about the salary you can earn as a radiation therapist.


Who is a Radiation Therapist?

A radiation therapist is a member of the medical team that administers radiation therapy to patients who have cancer and other illnesses. They collaborate with radiation oncologists, medical professionals who are experts in radiation therapy, and oncology nurses, who are experts in providing care for people with cancer. Cancer is treated with radiation therapy, which reduces or eliminates tumors or cancer.

A medical professional who gives radiation to cancer patients is known as a radiation therapist. Radiation therapists collaborate with oncologists, medical physicists, and oncology nurses to design and deliver treatments, as well as to keep tabs on patients’ conditions.

Linear accelerators, or LINACs, are extremely sophisticated machines that are operated by radiation therapists. By sending high-energy X-rays or electrons to tumors and cancer cells, these devices can treat every part of a patient’s body. Over time, the tumor or cells are reduced in size or destroyed by the treatment.


Working with oncology teams, radiation therapists also referred to as therapeutic radiologists determine the optimum radiation treatment plan for each patient. They collaborate with radiation oncologists and are essential to the organization and delivery of radiation therapy.

As a member of a medical team, radiation therapists work under an oncologist to prepare patients and deliver radiation therapy treatments for cancer and a few other illnesses. For treatment, they take exact measurements of the patient and may even fit them with specialist gear to utilize during sessions. They will keep an eye on the patient’s reactions, including any side effects, and may modify the radiation schedule or doses as necessary during therapy. They might be employed by a hospital or a stand-alone cancer treatment facility.

Additionally, radiation therapists offer emotional support to patients and their families who are going through a very trying time. It is crucial to be attentive and sensitive to the fact that patients may be sad and emotional as a member of the treatment team who will interact with the patient frequently. Most radiation therapists have an associate’s or bachelor’s degree, and their state of practice frequently requires them to be licensed.


Radiation is one of the many conditions that radiation therapists utilize to treat, including cancer. They assist patients who are receiving therapy and keep track of their development throughout time.

Effective communication with patients regarding their illness and treatment regimen is essential for radiation therapists. To coordinate care, they might also need to explain procedures or treatments to other medical specialists.

Numerous significant responsibilities are under specialized practices employed by therapists. These health care providers help treat cancer and other diseases by giving radiation therapy to patients, explaining it to them, operating x-ray machines and other relevant medical equipment to make sure it meets safety standards, keeping an eye on the patient throughout the treatment, and documenting the results of the therapy once it is complete.


Radiation therapists may communicate with and report to radiation oncologists, oncology nurses, radiation physicists, and anyone else involved in the delivery and supervision of radiation therapy because they frequently work as a member of an oncology team.

Finally, radiation therapists serve important specialized practices employing using the standard of living for their patients. Unsurprisingly, a study by the National Center for Biotechnology Information discovered that patients are most at ease when they are emotionally supported and given information. One method by which patients obtained this crucial emotional support during treatment was through their interactions with radiation therapists.

Hospitals, cancer treatment facilities, and specialized practices employ radiation therapists. They collaborate closely with radiation oncologists, medical physicists, and dosimetrists as well as other members of the radiation oncology team. Although they could be forced to work evenings and weekends to meet patients’ schedules, radiation therapists normally have a full-time schedule. Radiation therapists must be physically fit since they frequently need to lift and move patients. They must take safety precautions because they might be exposed to radiation and chemicals. The stress of working with very ill patients can make the job emotionally taxing for radiation therapists.


Radiation Therapist Job Description

What is a radiation therapist job description? A radiation therapist job description is simply a list of duties and responsibilities of a radiation therapist in an organization. Below are the radiation therapist job description examples you can use to develop your resume or write a radiation therapist job description for your employee. Employers can also use it to sieve out job seekers when choosing candidates for interviews.

The duties and responsibilities of a radiation therapist include the following:

  • Employ gamma cameras, linear accelerators, and brachytherapy equipment to deliver radiation treatments
  • Interview clients to create treatment programs that are appropriate for their needs
  • Organize treatment sessions and coordinate patient status with doctors
  • Patient education regarding radiation safety measures, adverse effects of radiation therapy, and equipment used during treatment sessions
  • Observe the effects of radiation therapy on patients, such as changes in skin tone or rashes on exposed skin
  • Apply antiseptic skin cleansing and gel to the treatment region are done to get patients ready for radiation therapy treatments.
  • Construct specialized casts and molds to support patients’ heads, jaws, hands, feet, and other body parts during treatment
  • Set up devices and place radioactive sources into them to prepare equipment for use in radiation therapy treatments.
  • Give individuals who are considering radiation treatment information about available treatments
  • Review a radiation oncologist’s and a medical physicist’s treatment plans and patient education regarding procedures and treatment plans.
  • Assist patients emotionally before, during, and after treatment
  • Protect patients from undue exposure to radiation
  • Operate and maintain the LINAC equipment
  • Monitor patients for treatment-related side effects
  • Track and document every therapy
  • Deliver patients with customized radiation therapy treatments after consulting with the oncology team.
  • Describe the procedure to patients and respond to any inquiries.
  • Deliver radiation treatments by a patient’s treatment plan.
  • Make sure that therapies are administered accurately by using medical imaging equipment.
  • Evaluate patients’ responses to therapies, offer guidance on side effects of treatments, and suggest ways to treat them.
  • Track patient progress and, when needed, recommend changes to treatment strategies.
  • Give patients and their families continued support.
  • Put simulation and treatment equipment through quality assurance testing to make sure it is in functioning order.
  • Perform cancer research to enhance therapeutic approaches.
  • Recognize and use a variety of imaging and therapy technology
  • Calculate the appropriate radiation type and dosage using computers.
  • Gather and store pertinent patient data to assist in ensuring that patients are positioned correctly for therapy using the ng masks, braces, and other tools.
  • Describe all processes to the patient and make sure that staff, family, and patients are all kept safe.
  • Plan patient visits to adhere to the treatment plan.
  • Observe the patient’s reaction to the treatment, both physically and emotionally.
  • Provide patients with customized radiation therapy in consultation with the oncology team



  • Radiation treatment bachelor’s degree.
  • Knowledge gained via radiation therapy work.
  • Strong technical abilities.
  • Competent with medical imaging technology.
  • Critical thinking ability.
  • Good interpersonal and communication abilities.
  • The outstanding synergy between the hands and the eyes.
  • The capacity to show compassion for patients while maintaining professionalism.
  • Meticulousness in the details.


Essential Skills

  • Stamina: Radiation therapy requires physically difficult work. Being on your feet all day and frequently standing for extended amounts of time calls for strength and stamina for this work. You frequently assist fragile patients with mobility challenges and transfer, hoist, and lower patients onto and off of treatment tables.
  • Empathy: Since radiation therapy is a patient-centered field, you must have empathy for and care for your patients. They occasionally have to deal with serious illnesses or incapacitating treatments. They turn to you because you are their point of contact during a trying moment for assurance, inspiration, and assistance.
  • Talents in communication: Work closely with a variety of people as a radiation therapist, from harried medical professionals to concerned patients and family members. Being able to discuss cases with your team, choose effective treatment options, explain complicated procedures to patients, and address their concerns all require great communication skills. Avoid interrupting others, pay attention to what they’re saying, and learn to understand their body language to improve your communication abilities.
  • Technical expertise: Radiation therapists are comfortable with technology and have strong technical skills. One of the primary responsibilities of a radiation therapist is operating sophisticated medical equipment, such as scanners, imaging devices, and linear accelerator units. You also need to check the equipment’s functionality and troubleshoot any issues that may develop.
  • Careful nature: Successful radiation therapists are by nature diligent and detail-oriented. Accurate measurement, precise equipment calibration, and proper radiation dispensing are essential components of the task. When working with radiation, you strictly adhere to health and safety regulations and take all appropriate safety measures.
  • Time management: Radiation therapists frequently work in hospitals and other healthcare institutions, where they may be responsible for additional tasks in addition to their radiation therapy work. To finish all of their tasks, individuals must efficiently manage their time. This entails setting priorities for tasks and, where required, assigning duties to other employees.
  • Knowledge of science, math, and medicine: To assure the patient’s safety, these specialists closely monitor radiation treatments. Additionally, it guarantees the success of the surgery. To accurately follow the method, they require certain abilities.

Additionally, radiation therapists require a strong foundation in fields like physics, dentistry, medicine, and mathematics. They must also understand how to use treatment to address ailments.

  • Skills for Critical Thinking: For their jobs to be successful, radiation therapists also require critical thinking abilities. You must be exceptionally skilled at evaluating medical issues and formulating reasoned solutions to the issue. Additionally, you must keep an eye on your patients as they receive therapy to make sure they are at all times comfortable.


How to Become a Radiation Therapist

  • Obtain a bachelor’s or associate’s degree: An Associate or Bachelor’s Degree in Radiation Therapy is typically preferred by employers for radiation therapists. Consider finishing a radiation treatment certificate program in addition to your degree if you want to improve your employment prospects.

You can assess and treat cancer patients as well as operate and maintain radiological equipment with the help of radiation treatment programs. Radiation therapy physics, medical terminology, radiologic patient care, concepts of oncology radiation biology, dose calculations, dosimetry, and radiation protection are among the potential courses in these degree programs. A hospital’s radiation therapy department is another place where you can gain practical experience. There, you can learn about patient care, patient psychology, oncology skills, and emergency procedures.

  • Get a license: You must obtain a license and register as a technician in most American states (R.T.). While the conditions for licensure differ from state to state, you will typically need to obtain both a certification from the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists and a degree from a recognized program.
  • Become certified: The American Registry of Radiologic Technologists is a licensing organization that accredits specialists in radiation therapy and imaging. Its main objective is to support career development for those who work in radiation treatment and medical imaging. The ARRT credentialing represents your ability to do your job while also upholding all industry norms.

You need to have an associate’s degree or higher in radiologic technology to become certified as an ARRT. You must also follow the ARRT’s ethical guidelines and show competency in your courses and clinical processes.

Final step: You must pass a test covering clinical concepts, radiation safety, and quality control, treatment planning and delivery, patient education, and patient care.

You must finish an educational program that has been approved by ARRT if you wish to get certified in a particular area, such as sonography, densitometry, mammography, or one of the several other subspecialties of radiation therapy.

  • Get experience working: Candidates with at least a year of radiation therapy experience are frequently preferred by employers. You could desire to benefit from clinical training and teaching to gain abilities that many employers value. Additionally, you might look for career chances in technical sales, research, or education.
  • Maintain certification: The ARRT certification has a two-year expiration date. You have to fulfill a requirement for continuing education to renew your credential. Every ten years, you must fulfill continuous qualification requirements. Either by mail or online at the ARRT website, you can update your credentials. A $25 charge and continuing observance of the ARRT’s ethical guidelines are prerequisites.


Where to Work as a Radiation Therapist

  1. Hospitals
  2. Diagnostic Health Clinics


Radiation Therapist Salary Scale

In the USA, the typical radiation therapist earns $88,208 per year or $45.24 per hour. Most experienced workers can earn up to $126,649 per year, while entry-level roles start at $74,318.

In the United Kingdom, the average gross pay for radiation therapists is £52,097, or $25 per hour. Additionally, they receive an £880 bonus on average.

The income for a radiation therapist at the entry-level (with 1-3 years of experience) is £36,887. The average annual income for a senior-level radiation therapist (8+ years of experience) is £64,500.

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