Intelligence Analyst Job Description

Intelligence Analyst Job Description, Skills, and Salary

Are you searching for an intelligence analyst job description? Get to know about the duties, responsibilities, qualifications, and skills requirements of an intelligence analyst. Feel free to use our intelligence analyst job description template to produce your own intelligence analyst job description. We also provide you with information about the salary you can earn as an intelligence analyst.


Who is an Intelligence Analyst?

An intelligence analyst is an agent with expertise in comprehending and interpreting intelligence reports obtained from field operatives. An intelligence agent can assist in determining the significance of reports by being able to situate them in a larger context. Although there are certain roles available in the private sector as well, intelligence analysts mostly work for governmental organizations. With the help of intelligence analysis, tactical questions about ongoing operations can be resolved or potential adversary action can be predicted. To evaluate evidence and test hypotheses in a covert socio-cultural setting, intelligence analysis employs both individual and group cognitive approaches. The descriptions are taken from material that might only be available in the form of intentionally false information; the analyst must compare the similarities across falsehoods and develop a general conclusion. Even though national intelligence agencies are where it is practised in its purest form, its techniques can be used in other areas as well, such as commercial intelligence or competitive intelligence.

The process of becoming an intelligence analyst is long and starts with getting the right college degree. Aspiring intelligence professionals frequently study history, politics, government, and international relations. The majority of analyst jobs demand at least a bachelor’s degree, but many additionally call for master’s degrees. Numerous websites list open positions in the intelligence community after graduation. Before receiving the security clearance required to handle intelligence information, it is typical for candidates for the position of intelligence agent to undergo background checks and multiple interviews. The work of an intelligence analyst can be extremely important for the domestic and international security of civilians and military personnel.

Army analysts, for example, could write reports for combat commanders that can affect troop movements or strategy. Interpreting adversary activities, actions, and intercepted communications may also fall under their purview. A mistake in obtaining or interpreting information might have catastrophic repercussions, yet good intelligence analysis can save lives. Private sector intelligence analysts frequently collaborate with huge firms or defence contractors that spy on their competitors or employ other forms of intelligence collecting. Working with defence contractors frequently entails coming into contact with government information and may need a security clearance from the government. Defence contracting intelligence may be an excellent choice for folks who do not want to work in a military environment. Multilingualism, effective communication skills, and exceptional analytical and problem-solving abilities are all necessary for success as an intelligence analyst. A top-notch intelligence analyst should, in the end, have good time management abilities, the ability to respect confidentiality standards, and be discrete.


Types of Intelligence Analysts

National Security-Focused Intelligence Analysts: Government organizations, especially those at the federal level, are the primary beneficiaries of some intelligence analytic roles. As an illustration, counter-terrorism analysts receive and evaluate information on both domestic and foreign terrorist groups, while counterintelligence threat analysts concentrate on threats posed by foreign countries and their intelligence services (otherwise known as information warfare). An analyst who focuses on targeting is charged with spotting potential dangers. Target analysts may concentrate on locating people, groups, places, and categories of crimes that could be security risks. In addition, organizations that focus on gathering intelligence, such as the CIA, employ military analysts who are experts in researching and analyzing the militaries of other countries, as well as leading analysts who research and make predictions about the motivations and behaviours of foreign leaders around the globe.

Cyber Threat Analysts: Some intelligence experts look at data relating to cybersecurity concerns. Cyber threat intelligence analysts work for private corporations, municipal and state law enforcement agencies, and federal security and law enforcement agencies. Cybersecurity attacks could potentially target any company that gathers personal information from customers. Analysts of cyber threats typically need training in fields like computer engineering.

Economic Analysts: Business and government institutions that focus on intelligence are both concerned with economic trends. You can better position yourself for one of the many professions open to economic analysts by having a background in economics, business administration, or finance. Occupation as an economic analyst is a fantastic fit for someone as interested in economic patterns as they are in data analysis, whether your goal is to look into economic crimes or handle marketing and business analytics for a company.

Political Analysts: The position of a political analyst is a complex and demanding one. Political analysts are intelligence analysts who focus on gathering and analyzing data related to political issues, trends, strategies, and events in other countries, particularly as they may affect the United States. Companies and organizations may swap the terms “political scientist” and “political analyst” in other contexts. Political scientists typically examine data as well, but they are more interested in data that has little to do with security and the intelligence community. Political scientists, on the other hand, concentrate more on the analysis of political systems and events, frequently evaluating political trends for think tanks, political candidates, or corporate lobbying.

Medical and Health Analysts: The discipline of intelligence analysis also includes public health issues. They are intended for highly qualified intelligence analysts known as medical and health analysts. When these intelligence analysts work for the government, they frequently concentrate on international disease epidemics. Some medical and health analysts, who frequently have titles like “healthcare data analyst” or “medical business intelligence analyst,” instead examine information relating to the performance of healthcare systems or medical facilities.

Business Intelligence Analyst: One employment opportunity for someone interested in data related to business operations of any kind is business intelligence analyst. While a business intelligence analyst employs many of the same sorts of talents in intelligence gathering and statistical analysis as analysts in other job roles, their primary focus is typically on company performance and profitability.


Intelligence Analyst Job Description

What is an intelligence analyst job description? An intelligence analyst job description is simply a list of duties and responsibilities of an intelligence analyst in an organization. Below are the intelligence analyst job description examples you can use to develop your resume or write an intelligence analyst job description for your employee. Employers can also use it to sieve out job seekers when choosing candidates for interviews.

The duties and responsibilities of an intelligence analyst include the following:

  • Investigate drug trafficking, money laundering, gangs, auto theft groups, terrorism, and other dangers to national security.
  • Prepare strategies for intercepting international communications.
  • Examine the assets of criminal suspects to ascertain the movement of money from or to the targeted parties.
  • Check known intelligence against information from different sources.
  • Analyze intelligence data to make predictions about a gang, organized criminal, or terrorist behaviour in the future.
  • Create, employ, or maintain databases and software programs, including tools for artificial intelligence (AI) and mapping provided by geographic information systems (GIS).
  • Create criminal profiles to help criminal organizations connect with their members.
  • Analyze communication records, such as phone calls, to map out the activity and pinpoint the number and location of criminal organizations and their members.
  • Utilize instruments like radar, sensitive radio equipment, or aerial photography to gather and analyze information.
  • Generate intelligence data through on-the-ground observation, secret sources, or open records.
  • Assemble, examine, compare, or assess data from a range of sources, including law enforcement databases.
  • Associate or map suspects with criminal gangs or incidents to identify activity and connections.
  • Join forces with officials of other governmental and intelligence agencies to exchange information or plan intelligence operations.
  • Create defensive strategies or plans using information from intelligence and other sources.
  • Interact with witnesses or suspects in crimes to gather human intelligence, interview, question, etc.
  • Learn foreign languages or communication code languages to translate intellect.
  • Use cameras, radios, or other monitoring tools to record activity or listen in on conversations.
  • Prepare thorough written reports, presentations, maps, or charts based on investigation, data gathering, and analysis.



  • Possession of a degree in political science, international relations, or a related subject.
  • Multilingualism is a must.
  • Excellent analytical abilities.
  • A strong capacity for critical thoughts.
  • Working knowledge of several cultures and geographical areas.
  • Strong communication skills, both verbally and in writing.


Essential Skills

  • Strong research skills: To gather the data they require, intelligence analysts must be able to do research. To find the information they require, they must be able to read through a lot of data. They should be able to locate accurate information from several sources. Analysts must first assemble data from various sources, assess each source’s reliability, and then combine the data to create a fact-based, analytical judgment before they can draw significant conclusions from intelligence. To ensure that the conclusions drawn from analysis are well-informed, it is essential to have good research abilities for the gathering and evaluating of information.
  • Critical thinking and problem-solving skills: To examine a problem and choose the best course of action requires critical thinking. Decisions concerning the information they receive and how to portray it to others are made by intelligence analysts using critical thinking. After gathering enough data, an analyst must be able to reason critically and rationally in other to conclusions and produce actionable insight. To solve complex problems, intelligence analysts frequently employ their problem-solving abilities. They might utilize their problem-solving abilities to determine the most effective approach to transmit information to others, determine the most crucial information from a vast amount of data, or determine the best way to understand data.
  • Self-awareness: People in intelligence-focused positions need to be self-aware and able to identify their cognitive biases. Individuals will inevitably have biases when engaging with information, but intelligence analysts must be aware of and in control of these biases to prevent analysis from being hampered.
  • Communication skills: Teams of intelligence analysts, military personnel, and other intelligence professionals frequently work together. To share information, resolve issues, and finish activities, they must be able to interact with people clearly and effectively. To effectively convey their conclusions to multiple stakeholders, intelligence analysts need to have excellent communication skills. Verbal and written communication is equally important. An analyst may possess exceptional research and analytical abilities, but without strong writing abilities, they would struggle to effectively convey their findings to important stakeholders.
  • Organizational skills: Given the numerous activities they frequently have to perform in a short amount of time, intelligence analysts frequently have exceptional organizational abilities. They might need to prioritize their work and manage several projects at once. Intelligence analysts can operate more effectively and keep on task by having good organizational skills.
  • Multilingual ability: Speaking many languages is a huge advantage for intelligence analysts because a lot of their analysis may involve studying foreign cultures. When working with foreign intelligence, intelligence organizations need precise information, which comes from dependable translators. If you’re seeking work with a government agency, Arabic, Russian, and Chinese are some of the most desired languages. The preferred languages for business analysts change based on the industry.


How to Become an Intelligence Analyst

Step 1: Earn a Degree

A bachelor’s degree in a related subject is often necessary for intelligence analysts. They might additionally possess a graduate degree to pursue prospects for higher-level employment. For instance, prospective intelligence analysts can meet this advanced educational need by enrolling in a Master of Arts in International Relations (MAIR) program. A variety of pertinent concentrations are available in the curriculum, including international security and international development. Students can acquire the knowledge and abilities necessary to comprehend diverse socioeconomic, cultural, and diplomatic concerns on a global scale by earning the MAIR degree.

Step 2: Gain Experience

Intelligence analysts must possess the necessary job experience in addition to an appropriate degree. They might work in relevant government organizations or information technology firms, for instance. To supplement their schooling and professional experience as intelligence analysts, they might additionally pursue field training. On-the-job training is the norm for intelligence analysts. Learning the exact computer programs and systems the business employs, as well as the particular practices and procedures the business adheres to, may be a part of this training.

Step 3. Obtain certifications

For evidence of their competence, intelligence analysts might earn a variety of certificates. Among these certifications are:

Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP): The CISSP identifies security executives who are highly knowledgeable about cybersecurity strategy and how to put it into practice. One of the most prestigious cybersecurity certificates available.

Intelligence Fundamentals Professional Certification (IFPC): The Department of Defense Intelligence Enterprise now has a unified standard for knowledge and abilities expected of persons seeking employment. It covers the core skills that an analyst has to be aware of, as well as how intelligence missions are carried out.

Criminal Intelligence Certified Analyst (CICA): This qualification is for individuals who have proven their professional success in intelligence analysis. You need to be currently employed in a criminal intelligence or analytic role and have several years of work experience to qualify for it.

Certified Business Intelligence Professional (CBIP): This certification shows that you have an in-depth understanding of data analysis, business analytics, data integration, and data management. It is aimed at senior professionals working in the information systems and technology industry.


Where to Work as an Intelligence Analyst

Governmental institutions, for-profit businesses, and charitable organizations are just a few of the places where intelligence analysts work. The majority of intelligence analysts work for the FBI, CIA, or NSA, where they evaluate data, make assessments, and recommend courses of action for thwarting threats. Additionally employed by the military, intelligence analysts assess the capability of armies to be organized and maintained to eliminate tactical and strategic targets. There are intelligence analysts who analyze the potential for conflict and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of foreign weaponry in the scientific and technical domains. Economic analysts are another option. An intelligence analyst who works for an economic firm evaluates the financial and economic interests of other countries. While some evaluate problems on a more global level, some others concentrate on both the macroeconomic and microeconomic difficulties facing a given location. Furthermore, private multinational firms employ intelligence analysts. They might do their work in an office, but they might also travel to conferences or to do research. Normally, they put in a 40-hour work week, but there may be times when they have to travel or work extra hours. Intelligence analysts can put in long hours while facing a lot of pressure. Their capacity for critical thought and problem-solving must be demonstrated. Additionally, they must possess strong verbal and written communication skills.


Intelligence Analyst Salary Scale

According to the compensation website PayScale, an intelligence analyst’s average yearly income is close to $75,000. Salaries that are higher on the salary scale can go over $105,000. The pay for an intelligence analyst varies based on the organization and the job’s requirements. People with specialized skills in areas like signals intelligence (SIGINT), human intelligence (HUMINT), geospatial intelligence (GEOINT), and geographic information systems (GIS), as well as fluency in a few foreign languages or experience in a relevant field, may be eligible for jobs with higher salaries. In Nigeria, the average monthly salary for an intelligence analyst is roughly 397,000 NGN. The pay ranges from 202,000 NGN to 611,000 NGN.

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