Causes Of Job Dissatisfaction

Causes Of Job Dissatisfaction

Job dissatisfaction can be defined as the unhappy feeling, negative attitude or resentment one has about work or work environment. Job dissatisfaction on the part of employees is a great threat to the overall productivity of an organization because it reduces employee engagement, employee morale, and employee motivation and increases employee absenteeism.  Work is very significant in life because employment is one of the most important phases in life but there are certain factors that can make employees lose satisfaction in a work environment. One out of ten people are not satisfied with their jobs and if the issue of job dissatisfaction is not addressed; it can spell doom for the company. There are many factors that cause job dissatisfaction and this article will explore such factors.

The following are the causes of job dissatisfaction:

  • Lack of Interest
  • Limited Career Growth
  • Not being appreciated enough
  • Too much work pressure
  • Underpaid
  • Poor Management
  • Decline in Productivity
  • Poor working relationship with coworkers
  • Wrong Expectations of the job

Lack of interest

This is one of the biggest factors that cause job dissatisfaction. This has to do with an employee not liking his or her job and it is not advisable for someone to lunch his career with what he is not interested in. Lack of interest is what makes most employees not to be happy with their jobs, most employees want a job that is engaging and challenging not monotonous work. When an employee is bored; it will affect the overall productivity of the employee.

Employees also lose interest in a job if they are forced by friends and families to take up a particular job to take care of family needs. This compromise comes with a great price of job dissatisfaction. An employee can also take up a job he doesn’t like because of the unemployment status in society and this can also cause job dissatisfaction.

Limited Career Growth

Stagnation in career growth causes job dissatisfaction. Most employees are visionary people and have estimated the peak they want to reach in their professional or work career and if this expectation is not met, this will lead to job dissatisfaction. There are some organizations that are redundant and they hardly promote employees that are due for promotion and in such cases; an employee may relocate to another organization.

Not being appreciated enough

Often times when people are not appreciated as they ought to be, they tend to feel that no matter how hard they try they will always be under-appreciated and this is one of the causes of job dissatisfaction. An employee may give his or her best at work but the boss will always debunk his efforts. There are some bosses that are difficult to please and no matter how hard an employee tries; his best is not just good enough. Bosses being unappreciative of employees can cause job dissatisfaction and lead to poor productivity in an organization. Words like “thank you”, and “Well done, you did well” will always boost the employee’s morale.

Too much work pressure

Some private companies don’t follow working time-limit and most companies set monthly targets for employees to meet. Too much workload on employees can take away their time and decline their energy which will eventually lead to job dissatisfaction. When an employee is bombarded with a lot of responsibilities; this will make him lose interest in the job due to the fact that there is no time for him to spend with friends and family. Companies should recognize the need for employees to get a healthy lifestyle by ensuring there are incentives such as a paid day off, flexible scheduling, sporting events, plays, and rewards such as vacations.


As the popular saying goes, motivation is the key. Most people work to earn a living or get a source of income. Wages and salaries are rewards for labor and if an employee is not paid according to the workload he performs then it can lead to job dissatisfaction. An employee may research similar job positions in other companies and if he discovers their pay is higher, then dissatisfaction is warranted.

Poor Management

The management of an organization plays an indispensable role in motivating employees, planning, controlling, and organizing the organization. Employees want visionary managers that can lead and inspire them.  Poor management makes employees perform below standard. Managers with poor leadership skills tend to rate employees’ performance poorly and give little feedback on an employee’s performance and this will warrant job dissatisfaction. Poor management of the organization can make employees feel that the organization is like a ship without a captain.

Decline in Productivity

Constant decline in productivity can cause job dissatisfaction. Utter and constant decline in productivity shows an employee that the management of the organization is not competent enough and this can cause job dissatisfaction. An organization that continues to experience a decline in production will eventually experience bankruptcy which will lead to job dissatisfaction. Most employees want to work with a company or organization that is successful and not an underproductive organization.

Poor working relationship with coworkers

Poor interpersonal relationships at work can lead to job dissatisfaction. In an organization, not everyone may like you or relate with you and this may make you not get along with some coworkers. Poor relationships with coworkers may make the work environment uncomfortable for you which will warrant job dissatisfaction. Coworkers may irritate, distract and sometimes get on your nerves at work and this will cause job dissatisfaction because the work environment is not friendly.

Wrong Expectations of the job

Sometimes, a wrong conception about a particular job can cause dissatisfaction. You may apply for a job and have high expectations but once you land the job, reality will dawn on you that your expectations have been shattered. Job dissatisfaction may arise if an employee’s expectation of the job is truncated. The employee will start feeling bored at work because of the wrong expectations of the job.


In a nutshell, Job dissatisfaction is one of the arch-rivals of productivity and so employers should do everything in their power to ensure 100% employee satisfaction. Job dissatisfaction reduces employee morale, motivation, engagement, and efficacy and so an employee’s satisfaction is paramount to the overall productivity of a company.

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